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Oxford University Press Inc
12 May 2016
Public administration; Central government; Political subversion; Organisational theory & behaviour
In 1970, due to increasing public concern about the environment, a dramatic series of bipartisan actions were taken to expand the national government's efforts to control pollutants. In that year, the Congress and President Nixon established two key federal agencies to address the nation's growing environmental problems: the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). But despite this initial recognition of the pressing problems presented by environmental degradation, support for related policymaking and administration waxed and waned over the next thirty-five years, as other domestic and foreign policy problems rose to the top of the public and legislative agendas. What does the future hold for environmental policy in the United States, given the highly polarized politics surrounding the issue today? In this book, James K. Conant and Peter J. Balint examine what happened to the CEQ and EPA between 1970 and 2010 by using changes in leadership and budgetary resources as key indicators of the agencies' vitality and capacity for implementing pollution control laws. They also examine correlations between the agencies' fortunes and various social, political, and economic variables. The authors conclude with several scenarios about what the future holds for these important environmental agencies.
By:   James K. Conant (Professor of Government and Politics Professor of Government and Politics George Mason University), Peter J. Balint (Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs, Associate Professor of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University)
Imprint:   Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 235mm,  Width: 156mm,  Spine: 12mm
Weight:   288g
ISBN:   9780190203719
ISBN 10:   0190203714
Pages:   216
Publication Date:   12 May 2016
Audience:   College/higher education ,  A / AS level ,  Further / Higher Education
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active

James K. Conant is Professor in the School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs at George Mason University. Peter J. Balint is Associate Professor in the School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs at George Mason University.

Reviews for The Life Cycles of the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency: 1970 - 2035

In this slim volume, Conant and Balint offer a comprehensive and rewarding history of the U.S. CEQ and the EPA. They ground their assessment in organizational lifestyle models and explore a variety of intriguing questions about the two agencies. Of particular importance is their rigorous analysis of EPA funding over time, which has major implications for the agency's effectiveness during periods of heightened political controversy over environmental policy. --Michael E. Kraft, co-author of Environmental Policy: New Directions for the Twenty-First Century Conant and Balint have examined the 45 year history of the US' principal environmental entities and rated their standing through the changes of Administrations and the vicissitudes of public concern for the environment. I applaud their making institutional history an appropriate object for social scientists to put under the microscope. Their rigorous objectivity and focus on budget allocations leads them to surprising conclusions: the agencies fared better under Republicans than under Democrats. Their extensive research equips them to take the case further, and evaluate the quality of the agencies' performance for which budget numbers are indicative though not conclusive determinants. --William K. Reilly, Senior Staff Member at CEQ 1970-73, and US EPA Administrator 1989-93 This book provides an invaluable perspective on the political economy of federal budgeting from the agency point of view. The insights generated by the authors on resource allocation and bureaucratic politics break new ground that hopefully may stimulate much needed new research on the politics of national budgeting. The authors do the great service to students and interested observers alike of demystifying the often obscure and specialized world of budgeting by clearly illustrating demonstrating the broader policy and political consequences of budget choices and routines. --Paul L. Posner, Chairman, National Academy of Public Administration

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