Much of the Middle East and North Africa still appears to be in a transitional period set in motion by the 2011 Arab uprisings, and the political trajectory of the region remains difficult to grasp. In The Clash of Values, Mansoor Moaddel provides groundbreaking empirical data to demonstrate how the collision between Islamic fundamentalism and liberal nationalism explains the region's present and will determine its future. Analyzing data from over 60,000 face-to-face interviews of nationally representative samples of people in seven countries?Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey?Moaddel reveals the depth and breadth of the conflict of values. He develops measures of expressive individualism, gender equality, secularism, and religious fundamentalism and shows that the factors that strengthen liberal values also weaken fundamentalism. Moaddel highlights longitudinal data showing changes in orientations toward secular politics, Western-type government, religious tolerance, national identity, and to a limited extent gender equality, as well as a significant decline in support for political Islam, over the past decade. Focusing on these trends, he contends that the Arab Spring represents a new phase of collective action rooted in the spread of the belief in individual liberty. Offering a rigorous and deeply researched perspective on social change, The Clash of Values disentangles the Middle East and North Africa's political complexity and pinpoints a crucial trend toward liberal nationalism.
Columbia University Press
Country of Publication:
17 March 2020
Professional and scholarly
Acknowledgments Introduction: People and Their Issues 1. Expressive Individualism 2. The Social Status of Women and Gender Equality 3. Secular Politics, Liberal Values, and National Identity 4. Religious Fundamentalism as Disciplinarian Deity, Literalism, Religious Exclusivity, and Religious Intolerance 5. Macro-Contextual (Country) Variation in Religious Fundamentalism and Liberal Values 6. What Makes a Country More Developed: Liberal Values Versus Religious Beliefs 7. The Arab Spring and Trends in Values: Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey Conclusions: The Viability of Liberal Nationalism Appendix: The Questionnaire Notes References Index
Mansoor Moaddel is a professor of sociology at the University of Maryland, College Park. His many books include Islamic Modernism, Nationalism, and Fundamentalism: Episode and Discourse (2005) and Values, Political Action, and Change in the Middle East and the Arab Spring (2017).
Reviews for The Clash of Values: Islamic Fundamentalism Versus Liberal Nationalism
Is a new, more liberal cultural episode on the horizon for the Middle East? The Clash of Values offers new conceptualizations of religious fundamentalism and liberal values, along with clearly presented survey findings, to suggest that such a trajectory is entirely possible. -- Valentine M. Moghadam, author of <i>Globalization and Social Movements: Islamism, Feminism, and the Global Justice Movement</i>