Discover how to manage diabetes for a healthier and happier life!
Written for anyone diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (and for anyone who loves someone with diabetes), Managing Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies is an essential guide to understanding the effects of diabetes and knowing what steps to take to successfully manage this chronic illness. Diabetes can lead to serious complications but people with diabetes can control the condition and lower the risk of its many complications. This is your easy-to-understand guide that shows you how. Under the direction of The American Diabetes Association, Managing Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies gives hope to the one in 11 people in the United States who are affected by the disease.
Written in simple-to-understand terms, Managing Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies is filled with a wealth of expert advice and includes the most current information on recent medical advances for treatment. Improperly managed diabetes and consistently high blood glucose levels can lead to serious diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and teeth. With the authorities at the American Diabetes Association on your side, you will have a practical handbook for preventing complications and managing diabetes with confidence!
Prevent and manage the complications of the disease Combat diabetes-related anxiety and depression Lead a healthy life with type 2 diabetes Tap into the better living rules of the road with Managing Type 2 Diabetes For Dummies. By modifying your diet, consulting with your doctors, staying active, and understanding what medications are right for you, you will be on the path to a happier and healthier lifestyle.
American Diabetes Association
John Wiley & Sons Inc
Country of Publication:
13 March 2018
Introduction 1 About This Book 1 Foolish Assumptions 2 Icons Used in This Book 3 Beyond the Book 3 Where to Go from Here 4 Part 1: Getting Started with Diabetes 5 Chapter 1: Type 2 Diabetes: The Basics 7 What Exactly Is Diabetes? 7 Getting the lowdown on blood glucose 8 The mighty hormone insulin 8 Don't forget glucagon 10 High blood glucose is not good 10 Paying attention to blood pressure 11 Different Types of Diabetes 11 Type 1 diabetes 12 Gestational diabetes 12 Other types of diabetes 13 Prediabetes 13 How Is Diabetes Diagnosed? 14 Understanding Risk Factors 15 Who Else Has Diabetes? 16 Chapter 2: Where Do I Begin? 17 Taking Care of Yourself 17 Feel better most days 18 Reduce the risk of complications 18 Healthy pregnancy, healthy baby 20 Managing Your Diabetes 20 Assembling a healthcare team 21 Taking medications 21 Checking blood glucose 21 Eating healthy and staying active 22 Finding support 22 Part 2: Your Healthcare Team and Medications 23 Chapter 3: Putting Together Your Healthcare Team 25 Starting with a Diabetes Care Provider 26 Choosing the right provider for you 27 Considering insurance coverage 28 Adding a Certified Diabetes Educator 29 Seeing Other Specialists 30 Dietitian: Helping you mind your meals 30 Ophthalmologist or optometrist: Keeping an eye on your eyes 31 Pharmacist: Filling you in on medication details 32 Dentist and dental hygienist: Keeping your mouth in tip-top shape 33 Exercise physiologist: Focusing on your fitness 33 Podiatrist: Standing up for your feet 34 Dermatologist: Helping your skin stay healthy 35 Mental health specialist: Minding your thoughts and emotions 35 Chapter 4: Your Checkups 37 What to Expect in a Checkup 37 Blood glucose roundup 38 Weight matters 39 Setting goals for food and exercise 39 Medication roundup 40 Targets for blood pressure and cholesterol 40 Kidney tests 41 Foot check 42 Vaccinations 42 Extra time for questions and concerns 43 Making Time for a Yearly Eye Exam 43 Your Checkup Schedule in a Nutshell 44 What to Bring with You 44 Communicating like a Pro 45 Chapter 5: Diabetes Education Classes 47 Getting Informed about Diabetes Education 48 When do I go? 48 Meeting the educator 49 Knowing What to Expect 50 Diabetes education at diagnosis 51 Keeping up with diabetes developments 52 Finding a class in your area 52 Investigating Insurance Coverage for the Cost of Classes 53 Chapter 6: Medications and Surgery 55 Why Do I Need to Take Medication? 56 Pills for Type 2 Diabetes 57 Biguanides 59 Sulfonylureas 59 Meglitinides 60 Dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors 60 Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors 60 Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors 61 Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) 61 Bile acid sequestrants 62 Dopamine-2 agonists 62 Combination pills for type 2 diabetes 62 Injected Medications for Type 2 Diabetes (Besides Insulin) 63 GLP-1 agonists 64 Amylin analogs 64 All About Insulin 65 Insulin 101 65 Types of insulin 66 Buying and storing insulin 69 Injecting insulin: Syringes, pens, and more 69 Tips for injecting insulin 71 Insulin pumps 72 Being Cautious with Other Medications 74 Medication to lower blood pressure 74 Medication to treat cholesterol 75 Aspirin and other medications 75 Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes 76 Part 3: Checking Blood Glucose and Reducing Complications 79 Chapter 7: Checking Your Blood Glucose 81 Why, When, and How to Check Your Blood Glucose Level 82 Knowing when to check your glucose level 82 Checking your blood glucose in a snap 83 Eyeing your blood glucose targets 83 Blood Glucose Meters and Accessories 84 Checking out types of meters 84 Being aware of meter accuracy 85 Considering a multitude of meter features 86 Minding money matters 87 Looking at lancets and test strips 88 Keeping Track of Data 89 Choosing a tracking method that works for you 89 Putting the numbers to use 90 Chapter 8: Keeping Complications in Check 91 Looking Out for Lows 92 Knowing the warning signs of lows 92 Treating lows with the Rule of 15 93 Having glucagon available 95 Heading Off Highs 95 Diabetic ketoacidosis 96 Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome 97 Maintaining a Healthy Heart and Brain 98 Hardening of your arteries 98 Heart attacks 99 Strokes 99 Feeling Good in Your Skin 100 Keeping Your Mouth in Tip-Top Shape 101 Focusing on Your Eyes 101 Putting Your Best Foot Forward 103 Getting a leg up on caring for your lower extremities 103 Peripheral artery disease 104 Healthy Nerves All Over Your Body 105 Nerves that sense things 105 Nerves that automatically do things 106 Taking Care of Your Kidneys 106 Coping with Burnout, Stress, and Depression 107 Acknowledging diabetes burnout and stress 107 Recognizing depression 108 Being mindful of your emotions 108 Tuning In to Your Sexual Health 109 Chapter 9: Women and Type 2 Diabetes 111 Being Mindful of Menstrual Cycles 112 Watching for erratic numbers 112 Taking back control 112 Healthy Mom, Healthy Baby 113 Planning for pregnancy 114 Taking care of yourself and your baby during pregnancy 114 Screening for gestational diabetes 116 Delivering the baby 117 Postpartum 117 Breastfeeding 118 Menopause Can Throw You for a Loop 118 Preparing for unusual numbers 119 Recognizing that mood swings are normal 119 Facing hot flashes and night sweats 120 Coping with yeast infections 120 Addressing sexual discomfort 121 What Every Woman with Diabetes Should Know 121 Focus on your heart 122 Know the signs 122 Chapter 10: Men and Type 2 Diabetes 123 Addressing Erectile Dysfunction 124 Considering the causes 124 Treating erectile dysfunction 125 Don't be embarrassed: Talking to your doctor 125 Tackling the Problem of Low Testosterone 126 Focusing on Emotional and Sexual Health 126 Paying Attention to Heart Health 127 Part 4: Eating Healthy and Staying Active 129 Chapter 11: Brushing Up on Nutrition and Food Basics 131 Knowing the Difference a Dietitian Can Make 132 What to look for in a dietitian 132 What dietitians do 133 When to see a dietitian 134 Paying for dietitian visits 135 Calories Count 135 Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Protein, and Fat 136 Carbohydrates 101 137 Types of carbohydrates 138 The lowdown on sugar 141 Artificial sweeteners 142 Proteins 101 143 Fats 101 144 Choosing healthy fats 144 Avoiding unhealthy fats 145 Finding Nutrition Facts on Food Labels 147 Paying attention to number of servings and serving size 147 Keeping track of calories 148 Nutrients up next 148 Listing ingredients: Most to least 150 Putting the information to work 150 A Little Salt Goes a Long Way 151 Satisfying Your Thirst 152 Drinking water, soda, and other beverages 152 Enjoying wine, beer, and spirits 153 Chapter 12: Planning Healthy Meals 155 Considering Your Goals 156 Eating a Variety of Wholesome, Nutritious Foods 157 Forget about a diabetes diet 157 Expanding the selection of foods you eat 157 Dishing Up Ideal Portions 159 Knowing what counts as one serving 160 Weighing and measuring food 160 Knowing how to create your plate 161 Meal Plans That Work for You 162 Forget about a diabetes meal plan 163 Turning to a dietitian for help 163 Coming up with your own meal plan 164 Intro to Carbohydrate Counting 167 Calling out carbohydrates 167 Portion matters 168 Reading food labels for carbohydrates 168 Planning, Shopping, and Cooking Smart 170 Planning smart 170 Shopping smart 171 Cooking smart 172 Tempting Your Taste Buds with Nutritious Nibbles 172 Eating Out with Confidence 174 Selecting restaurants with healthy choices 174 Ordering meals that mesh with your plan 175 Celebrating Holidays and Special Occasions 176 Chapter 13: Amping Up Your Exercise 177 1, 2, 3: Counting the Many Benefits of Exercise 178 First Steps to Physical Activity 179 Sitting less and moving more 180 Talking to your healthcare provider 181 Checking blood glucose during exercise 181 Thinking about your fitness goals 181 Considering Different Types of Exercise 182 Aerobic exercise: Getting the blood moving 183 Resistance exercise: Building strength 183 Flexibility and balance exercises: Improving range of motion 185 Completing a Well-Rounded Workout: Warm Up, Work Out, Cool Down 185 Warming up 186 Working out 186 Cooling down 187 Motivators to Keep You Going 187 Envisioning the health benefits 187 Getting help from a professional 188 Boosting your mood 188 Getting support from friends and family 189 Getting detailed feedback from fitness trackers and apps 189 Part 5: Finding Support 191 Chapter 14: Managing Your Emotions and Mental Health 193 Getting in Touch with How You Feel 194 Facing Feelings of Anger and Denial 195 Acknowledging feelings of anger 195 Dealing with feelings of denial 196 Managing Stress 196 Recognizing Diabetes Distress and Burnout 198 Looking at Depression and Anxiety Disorders 199 Knowing the symptoms of depression 200 Introduction to anxiety disorders 200 Treating depression and other mental health disorders 201 Reaching Out to Others 201 Joining a local support group 201 Connecting with others in online support groups 202 Being Kind to Yourself 202 Gaining education and empowerment 203 Taking time for yourself 203 Trying mindfulness and meditation 203 Chapter 15: Getting Support, Giving Support 205 Turning to Your Family for Support 206 Telling your friends and family about your diagnosis 206 Educating your family 206 Opening the lines of communication 207 Making healthy food choices together 208 Exercising together 209 Tips for Caregivers and Spouses 209 Educating yourself 209 Trying not to be pesky 210 Helping to build a diabetes care team 210 Seeking out your own support 211 Chapter 16: Raising Children and Teens with Type 2 Diabetes 213 Seeing How Type 2 Diabetes Is Different in Children and Teens 214 Helping Your Child or Teen Manage Her Condition 215 First steps 215 Family changes 216 Education and responsibility 217 Checkups 218 Acknowledging Challenges that Teens Face 218 Stress 219 Alcohol and tobacco 219 Sexual activity 220 Chapter 17: Debunking Diabetes Myths 221 Myth 1: Eating Too Much Sugar Causes Diabetes 222 Myth 2: People with Diabetes Can't Eat Sweets and Chocolate 222 Myth 3: People with Diabetes Should Eat Special Diabetic Foods 223 Myth 4: People with Diabetes Are More Likely to Get a Cold or the Flu 224 Myth 5: You've Failed If Your Doctor Says You Need to Start Taking Insulin 225 Myth 6: Diabetes Is Not That Serious of a Disease 226 Part 6: Standing Up for Yourself 227 Chapter 18: Navigating Health Insurance and Other Healthcare Scenarios 229 Protecting People with Diabetes 230 Understanding Health Insurance: Employer, Government, and Individual 231 Employer-based health insurance 231 Government-based health insurance 231 Individual health insurance 234 Asking the Right Questions 234 Questions to ask about diabetes coverage 235 General questions to ask about plans 235 Finding Help for People Who Don't Have Insurance 236 Primary and specialty care for the uninsured 236 Prescriptions for the uninsured 236 Diabetes supplies for the uninsured 237 Anticipating Other Healthcare Scenarios 237 ER visits and hospital stays 237 Home healthcare and long-term care 239 Chapter 19: Knowing Your Rights 241 Diabetes in the Workplace 242 Deciding whether to tell others 242 Knowing your rights 242 What are my protections? 243 Educating and communicating with others 244 Staying healthy on the job 244 Your Child with Diabetes at School 245 Knowing and advocating for your child's rights 245 Putting care plans in writing 246 Planning Ahead for Travel 247 Talking to your physician 247 Preparing for airport security 247 Considering snacks and meals out 248 Taking care of your feet and skin 248 Ensuring Safety while Driving 249 Part 7: The Part of Tens 251 Chapter 20: Ten Fun Ways to Work Out for People Who Hate to Exercise 253 Get a Buddy 254 Play like a Kid 254 Start Walking 255 There's an App (or Video) for That 255 Turn Up the Volume 256 Think Positive 256 Volunteer to Help Someone Else 257 Sign Up for a Walk to Raise Money 257 Set Realistic and Practical Goals 257 Just Dance 258 Chapter 21: Ten (Or So) Things to Do for Your Eyes 259 Keep Your Blood Glucose in Control 259 Lower Your Blood Pressure and Cholesterol 260 Stop Smoking or Never Start 261 Be Aware of Major Eye Diseases 261 Get Regular Dilated Eye Exams 262 Get the Treatment You Need 263 Consider Your Eyes during Pregnancy 263 Assess Your Risk Factors 264 Glossary 265 Index 291
The American Diabetes Association leads the fight against the deadly consequences of diabetes and advocates for those affected by diabetes. They fund research to prevent, cure, and manage diabetes, deliver services to hundreds of communities, and provide objective and credible information.