Irene Calboli is Professor of Law at Texas A&M University School of Law, Transatlantic Technology Law Fellow at Stanford University, and Visiting Professor of Law at the National University of Singapore. She is a member of the American Law Institute, the board of the European Policy for Intellectual Property Law Association, and the Executive Committees of the Comparative Law, Art Law, and East Asia Sections of American Association of Law Schools. A widely published and cited scholar, she serves in the editorial boards of the Journal of IP Law and Practice, the Queen Mary Journal of IP, and the WIPO-WTO Colloquium Papers. She is an expert, inter alia, for WIPO, the EUIPO, the EU Commission, and several national Intellectual Property offices. Maria Lilla Montagnani is Associate Professor of Commercial Law at Bocconi University in Milan, where she teaches and research in the field of Intellectual Property Law and Information Technology Law, and is the Director of LL.M program in European Business and Social Law. She is Visiting Professor at Peking University School of Transnational law and NYU Global Hauser Research Fellow 2019-2020, NYU Law School. She has widely published in the field of Intellectual Property and Technology Law in national and international journals and prestigious book series. She is a member of the editorial board of several law journals and is an expert with the European Commission.