This book highlights the concerns related to food security and agricultural water management. Food security came up as a problem in the first decade of the 21st century, questioning the sustainability of humankind, which is certainly associated directly to the agricultural water management that has varied dimensions and needs integrative expertise in order to be dealt with. The aim of this book is to integrate the subject matter that deals with sustainable irrigation management & development and strategies for irrigation water supply & conservation in a single text. It is a comprehensive compilation of information regarding content revealing situations from distinct continents. Several case studies have been elucidated in this book to provide the readers with a general scenario of the problem, challenges and perspective of irrigation water use. The book serves as a descriptive reference for professionals, students and researchers working on distinct aspects of agricultural water management.