Irrigation is the artificial employment of water to soil or land. Irrigation engineering mainly deals with drains, canal, barrage, dams and corresponding systems employed for the similar purposes. There are different types of irrigation systems present worldwide such as drip irrigation, sprinkler systems, localized irrigation, surface irrigation, in-ground irrigation, etc. The various studies that are constantly contributing towards advancing technologies and evolution of this field are examined in detail. It aims to shed light on some of the unexplored aspects of irrigation engineering and the recent researches revolving around it. This book elucidates the concepts and innovative models around prospective developments with respect to irrigation engineering. The readers would gain knowledge that would broaden their perspective about this field.