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An Integrated Introduction to Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling

Ronald Goldman (Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA)



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CRC Press
15 October 2019
Taking a novel, more appealing approach than current texts, An Integrated Introduction to Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling focuses on graphics, modeling, and mathematical methods, including ray tracing, polygon shading, radiosity, fractals, freeform curves and surfaces, vector methods, and transformation techniques. The author begins with fractals, rather than the typical line-drawing algorithms found in many standard texts. He also brings the turtle back from obscurity to introduce several major concepts in computer graphics.

Supplying the mathematical foundations, the book covers linear algebra topics, such as vector geometry and algebra, affine and projective spaces, affine maps, projective transformations, matrices, and quaternions. The main graphics areas explored include reflection and refraction, recursive ray tracing, radiosity, illumination models, polygon shading, and hidden surface procedures. The book also discusses geometric modeling, including planes, polygons, spheres, quadrics, algebraic and parametric curves and surfaces, constructive solid geometry, boundary files, octrees, interpolation, approximation, Bezier and B-spline methods, fractal algorithms, and subdivision techniques.

Making the material accessible and relevant for years to come, the text avoids descriptions of current graphics hardware and special programming languages. Instead, it presents graphics algorithms based on well-established physical models of light and cogent mathematical methods.
By:   Ronald Goldman (Rice University Houston Texas USA)
Imprint:   CRC Press
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 254mm,  Width: 178mm, 
Weight:   454g
ISBN:   9781138381476
ISBN 10:   1138381470
Series:   Chapman & Hall/CRC Computer Graphics, Geometric Modeling, and Animation Series
Pages:   574
Publication Date:   15 October 2019
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Primary
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Two-Dimensional Computer Graphics: From Common Curves to Intricate Fractals Turtle Graphics Turtle Graphics Turtle Commands Turtle Programs Fractals from Recursive Turtle Programs Fractals Looping Lemmas Fractal Curves and Recursive Turtle Programs Programming Projects Some Strange Properties of Fractal Curves Fractal Strangeness Dimension Differentiability Attraction Affine Transformations Transformations Conformal Transformations Algebra of Affine Transformations Geometry of Affine Transformations Affine Coordinates and Affine Matrices Conformal Transformations: Revisited General Affine Transformations Affine Geometry: A Connect-the-Dots Approach to Two-Dimensional Computer Graphics Two Shortcomings of Turtle Graphics Affine Graphics Fractals from Iterated Function Systems Generating Fractals by Iterating Transformations Fractals as Fixed Points of Iterated Function Systems Fractals as Attractors Fractals with Condensation Sets Programming Projects Fixed-Point Theorem and Its Consequences Fixed Points and Iteration Trivial Fixed-Point Theorem Consequences of the Trivial Fixed-Point Theorem Programming Projects Recursive Turtle Programs and Conformal Iterated Function Systems Motivating Questions Effect of Changing the Turtle's Initial State Equivalence Theorems Conversion Algorithms Bump Fractals Programming Projects Mathematical Methods for Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics Vector Geometry: A Coordinate-Free Approach Coordinate-Free Methods Vectors and Vector Spaces Points and Affine Spaces Vector Products Appendix A: The Nonassociativity of the Cross Product Appendix B: The Algebra of Points and Vectors Coordinate Algebra Rectangular Coordinates Addition, Subtraction, and Scalar Multiplication Vector Products Some Applications of Vector Geometry Introduction Trigonometric Laws Representations for Lines and Planes Metric Formulas Intersection Formulas for Lines and Planes Spherical Linear Interpolation Inside-Outside Tests Coordinate-Free Formulas for Affine and Projective Transformations Transformations for Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics Affine and Projective Transformations Rigid Motions Scaling Projections Matrix Representations for Affine and Projective Transformations Matrix Representations for Affine Transformations Linear Transformation Matrices and Translation Vectors Rigid Motions Scaling Projections Perspective Programming Projects Projective Space versus the Universal Space of Mass-Points Algebra and Geometry Projective Space: The Standard Model Mass-Points: The Universal Model Perspective and Pseudoperspective Quaternions: Multiplication in the Space of Mass-Points Vector Spaces and Division Algebras Complex Numbers Quaternions Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics: Realistic Rendering Color and Intensity Introduction RGB Color Model Ambient Light Diffuse Reflection Specular Reflection Total Intensity Recursive Ray Tracing Raster Graphics Recursive Ray Tracing Shadows Reflection Refraction Surfaces I: The General Theory Surface Representations Surface Normals Ray-Surface Intersections Mean and Gaussian Curvature Surfaces II: Simple Surfaces Simple Surfaces Intersection Strategies Planes and Polygons Natural Quadrics General Quadric Surfaces Tori Surfaces of Revolution Programming Projects Solid Modeling Solids Constructive Solid Geometry Boundary Representations Octrees Programming Projects Shading Polygonal Models Uniform Shading Gouraud Shading Phong Shading Programming Projects Hidden Surface Algorithms Hidden Surface Algorithms The Heedless Painter z-Buffer (Depth Buffer) Scan Line Ray Casting Depth Sort bsp-Tree Programming Projects Radiosity Radiosity Radiosity Equations Form Factors Radiosity Rendering Algorithm Solving the Radiosity Equations Programming Projects Geometric Modeling: Freedom Curves and Surfaces Bezier Curves and Surfaces Interpolation and Approximation de Casteljau Evaluation Algorithm Bernstein Representation Geometric Properties of Bezier Curves Differentiating the de Casteljau Algorithm Tensor Product Bezier Patches Bezier Subdivision Divide and Conquer de Casteljau Subdivision Algorithm Rendering and Intersection Algorithms Variation Diminishing Property of Bezier Curves Joining Bezier Curves Smoothly Programming Projects Blossoming Motivation Blossom Blossoming and the de Casteljau Algorithm Differentiation and the Homogeneous Blossom B-Spline Curves and Surfaces Motivation Blossoming and the Local de Boor Algorithm B-Spline Curves and the Global de Boor Algorithm Smoothness Labeling and Locality in the Global de Boor Algorithm Every Spline Is a B-Spline Geometric Properties of B-Spline Curves Tensor Product B-Spline Surfaces Nonuniform Rational B-Splines (NURBs) Knot Insertion Algorithms for B-Spline Curves and Surfaces Motivation Knot Insertion Local Knot Insertion Algorithms Global Knot Insertion Algorithms Programming Projects Subdivision Matrices and Iterated Function Systems Subdivision Algorithms and Fractal Procedures Subdivision Matrices Iterated Function Systems Built from Subdivision Matrices Fractals with Control Points Programming Projects Subdivision Surfaces Motivation Box Splines Quadrilateral Meshes Triangular Meshes Programming Projects Further Readings Index A Summary and Exercises appear at the end of each chapter.

Ron Goldman is a professor of computer science at Rice University, Houston, Texas. Dr. Goldman's current research interests encompass the mathematical representation, manipulation, and analysis of shape using computers.

Reviews for An Integrated Introduction to Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling

... this book may be the first book on geometric modelling that also covers computer graphics. In addition, it may be the first book on computer graphics that integrates a thorough introduction to `freedom' curves and surfaces and to the mathematical foundations for computer graphics. ... the book is well suited for an undergraduate course. ... The entire book is very well presented and obviously written by a distinguished and creative researcher and educator. It certainly is a textbook I would recommend. ... -Computer-Aided Design, 42, 2010 ... Many books concentrate on computer programming and soon become obsolete because of newly emerging developments in software languages and hardware. Thankfully, this text is different! The text is void of programming examples as these would have quickly rendered the book outdated, given the transitory nature of graphics languages. ... The author has used his experiences of teaching and research to write a book that will, I am sure, become a valuable reference source for years to come. Each chapter has a number of exercises for further study and many chapters have programming projects which will require further work and implementation in a graphics language. -International Statistical Review, 2010 Dr. Goldman has dedicated the past 20 years of his career to teaching and research as a professor of computer science at the University of Waterloo and Rice University. The pedagogical style of this book has been refined during his many years of teaching this material. He is an excellent mentor of students and I am pleased that his reach will be extended through the publication of this book. -Thomas W. Sederberg, Brigham Young University

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