In recent decades, great progress has been made in our understanding of zonal jets across many subjects - atmospheric science, oceanography, planetary science, geophysical fluid dynamics, plasma physics, magnetohydrodynamics, turbulence theory - but communication between researchers from different fields has been weak or non-existent. Even the terminology in different fields may be so disparate that researchers working on similar problems do not understand each other. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary volume will break cross-disciplinary barriers and aid the advancement of the subject. It presents a state-of-the-art summary of all relevant branches of the physics of zonal jets, from the leading experts. The phenomena and concepts are introduced at a level accessible to beginning graduate students and researchers from different fields. The book also includes a very extensive bibliography.
Boris Galperin (University of South Florida)
, Peter L. Read (University of Oxford)
Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:
28 February 2019
Professional and scholarly
Foreword Isaac Held; Part I. Introduction: 1. The world of jets Boris Galperin and Peter L. Read; Part II. Zonal Jets in Nature: 2. Terrestrial atmospheres Jonathan L. Mitchell, Thomas Birner, Guillaume Lapeyre, Noboru Nakamura, Peter L. Read, Gwendal Riviere, Agustin Sanchez-Lavega and Geoffrey K. Vallis; 3. Oceans Peter C. Cornillon, Eric Firing, Andrew F. Thompson, Leonid M. Ivanov, Igor Kamenkovich, Christian E. Buckingham and Yakov D. Afanasyev; 4. Gas giants Agustin S'anchez-Lavega, Lawrence A. Sromovsky, Adam P. Showman, Anthony D. Del Genio, Roland M. B. Young, Ricardo Hueso, Enrique Garcia-Melendo, Yohai Kaspi, Glenn S. Orton, Naiara Barrado-Izagirre, David S. Choi and John M. Barbara; 5. Exoplanets and the sun James Y-K. Cho, Heidar Th. Thrastarson, Tommi T. Koskinen, Peter L. Read, Steven M. Tobias, Woosok Moon, and Jack W. Skinner; Part III. Jets in Laboratories: 6. Zonal jet flows in the laboratory: an introduction Peter L. Read; 7. Convectively driven turbulence, Rossby waves and zonal jets: experiments on the Coriolis platform Peter L. Read, Joel Sommeria and Roland M. B. Young; 8. Turbulence, Rossby waves and zonal jets on the polar ss-plane: experiments with laboratory altimetry Yakov D. Afanasyev; 9. Zonal jets in laboratory: experiments with electromagnetically forced flows Stefania Espa, Gabriella Di Nitto, Boris Galperin and Jesse Hoemann; Part IV. Zonal Flows in Magnetically Confined Plasmas: 10. Theory Paul W. Terry; 11. Experiments Teresa Estrad; Part V. Genesis and Maintenance of Zonal Jets: Turbulence and Instabilities: 12. General results on zonation in rotating systems with a ss-effect and the electromagnetic force Bin Cheng and Alex Mahalov; 13. Barotropic and zonostrophic turbulence Boris Galperin, Semion Sukoriansky, Roland M. B. Young, Rei Chemke, Yohai Kaspi, Peter L. Read and Nadejda Dikovskaya; 14. Zonal jet formation by potential vorticity mixing at large and small scales Richard K. Scott and David G. Dritschel; 15. Radiating instability Jinbo Wang, Michael A. Spall, Joseph Pedlosky and Igor Kamenkovich; 16. Modulational instability in basic plasma and geophysical models Brenda E. Quinn, Sergey V. Nazarenko, Colm P. Connaughton, Steven Gallagher and Bogdan Hnat; 17. ss-plume mechanism of creation of zonal jets by a spatially localized forcing Yakov D. Afanasyev and Leonid M. Ivanov; 18. Meridional propagation of zonal jets in ocean gyres Balasubramanya T. Nadiga and David N. Straub; 19. Dynamics of baroclinic multiple zonal jets Pavel Berloff and Igor Kamenkovich; Part VI. Genesis and Maintenance of Zonal Jets: Statistical Theories: 20. Statistical closures and zonal flows John A. Krommes and Jeffrey B. Parker; 21. Direct statistical simulation of a jet J. Brad Marston, Wanming Qi and Steven M. Tobias; 22. Zonal flows as statistical equilibria Freddy Bouchet and Antoine Venaille; 23. Zonostrophy and other quadratic invariants in drift and quasi-geostrophic wave turbulence Katie L. Harper, Brenda E. Quinn, Sergey V. Nazarenko and Miguel D. Bustamante; 24. Kinetic theory and quasilinear theories of jet dynamics Freddy Bouchet, Cesare Nardini and Tomas Tangarife; 25. Statistical state dynamics: a new perspective on turbulence in shear flow Brian F. Farrell and Petros J. Ioannou; 26. Zonal flow as pattern formation Jeffrey B. Parker and John A. Krommes; 27. Emergence of non-zonal coherent structures Nikolaos A. Bakas and Petros J. Ioannou; Part VII. Material Transport in Flows with Jets: 28. Anisotropic and inhomogeneous eddy-induced transport in flows with jets Igor Kamenkovich, Pavel Berloff and Irina I. Rypina; 29. Turbulence, diffusion and mixing barriers in flows with zonal jets Boris Galperin, Semion Sukoriansky, Stefania Espa, Guglielmo Lacorata, Nadejda Dikovskaya and Jesse Hoemann.
Boris Galperin is an associate professor in the College of Marine Science at the University of South Florida, where he has received two Outstanding Research Achievement Awards. He discovered a deep similarity between zonal jets in oceans and on giant planets, has been conducting laboratory investigations emulating geophysical and planetary flows, and is a co-developer of an analytical theory of anisotropic turbulence that explained observed spectra up to numerical coefficients. Peter L. Read is a professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Oxford. He is best known for research on laboratory analogues of atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and for studies of the dynamics of almost all Solar System planets (including the Earth). He was a Co-Investigator on the Cassini and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter missions. He was awarded the Adrian Gill Prize of the Royal Meteorological Society and Lewis Fry Richardson Medal of the European Geosciences Union for interdisciplinary contributions to the nonlinear dynamics of rotating fluids and planetary atmospheres.