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When Bishops Meet: An Essay Comparing Trent, Vatican I, and Vatican II

John W. O'Malley

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Harvard University Press
15 September 2019
Early modern history: c 1450 to c 1700; 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000; Religion & beliefs; Christianity; Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church
From one of our foremost church historians comes an overarching analysis of the three modern Catholic councils-an assessment of what Catholicism was and has become today.

Catholic councils are meetings of bishops. In this unprecedented comparison of the three most recent meetings, John O'Malley traverses more than 450 years of Catholic history and examines the councils' most pressing and consistent concerns: questions of purpose, power, and relevance in a changing world. By offering new, sometimes radical, even troubling perspectives on these convocations, When Bishops Meet analyzes the evolution of the church itself.

The Catholic Church today is shaped by the historical arc starting from Trent in the sixteenth century to Vatican II. The roles of popes, the laity, theologians, and others have varied from the bishop-centered Trent, to Vatican I's declaration of papal infallibility, to a new balance of power in the mid-twentieth century. At Trent, lay people had direct influence on proceedings. By Vatican II, their presence was token. At each gathering, fundamental issues recurred: the relationship between bishops and the papacy, the very purpose of a council, and doctrinal change. Can the teachings of the church, by definition a conservative institution, change over time?

Councils, being ecclesiastical as well as cultural institutions, have always reflected and profoundly influenced their times. Both readers familiar with John O'Malley's earlier work and those with no knowledge of councils will find this volume an indispensable guide for essential questions: Who is in charge of the church? What difference did the councils make, and will there be another?
By:   John W. O'Malley
Imprint:   Harvard University Press
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 181mm,  Width: 111mm, 
ISBN:   9780674988415
ISBN 10:   0674988418
Pages:   192
Publication Date:   15 September 2019
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active

John W. O'Malley is University Professor in the Department of Theology at Georgetown University and the author of many books, including Four Cultures of the West, Trent, Vatican I, What Happened at Vatican II, and The First Jesuits (all from Harvard); The First Jesuits has been translated into twelve languages. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the American Philosophical Society, and a recipient of the Harvard Centennial Medal as well as Lifetime Achievement Awards from the Society for Italian Historical Studies, the Renaissance Society of America, and the American Catholic Historical Association. O'Malley is a member of the Society of Jesus and a Roman Catholic priest.

Reviews for When Bishops Meet: An Essay Comparing Trent, Vatican I, and Vatican II

O'Malley is one of the greatest Catholic Church historians of the last century...A must-read for the church historian, the theologian, or anyone interested in continuity and discontinuity in the historical tradition of the church.--Frederick J. Parella National Catholic Reporter (10/02/2019) This magnificent study shows how the Catholic Church has tried to reconcile faithfulness to its core identity throughout the ages. Drawing on his deeply researched studies of councils, O'Malley illuminates how the Church has moved from Trent's definitions of what was permitted and forbidden to Vatican II's attempt to articulate the Church's identity in the modern world--a plea for reconciliation between humans of all faiths and convictions.--Charles Taylor, McGill University A master historian shows how the churches' councils encapsulate the history of Catholicism.--Anthony Grafton, Princeton University [A] trenchant analysis of the changing roles of the councils' participants and the impact that the councils had on the church and the world.--Publishers Weekly (06/04/2019) [A] major monograph on all three modern Catholic ecumenical councils. In this short volume, [O'Malley] distills his learning into one highly readable essay.-- (12/14/2019) Spirited...Offers a rewarding comparison of the mechanics and mandates of the last three great Councils...O'Malley traces the historical twists and turns with great skill.--Jonathan Wright Catholic Herald (12/19/2019) Each of these three councils has hallmark issues: Trent on justification, Vatican I on infallibility and Vatican II on the liturgy, to name a few. When Bishops Meet pushes beyond these to what O'Malley calls 'issues-under-the-issues' What do councils do? Do all of them do the same thing? Does church teaching change? Who participated in the councils, and who had the ultimate authority?-- (10/29/2019) In John O'Malley's When Bishops Meet--the latest of his five books on ecumenical church councils--he compares and contrasts what he has written on the three last councils and argues that there should be a new one. This is the culmination of a great project.-- (11/07/2019)


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