'Uthman ibn 'Affan (d. 656) was an early convert to Islam and the third successor to the Prophet Muhammad. As caliph he established the first Islamic navy, consolidated the text of the Qur'an, and expanded the Arab empire. His opponents, however, accused him of being corrupt and questioned his legitimacy.
After twelve years 'Uthman's troubled caliphate ended in revolt. His death at the hands of rebels led to civil war and contributed to the eventual split between Sunni and Shi'i Islam. In this volume, Heather Keaney examines the life and legacy of the controversial caliph.
Heather N. Keaney
Country of Publication:
Series: Makers of the Muslim World
30 March 2021
Professional and scholarly
1 CONTEXT Introduction The Challenge of 'Uthman The Challenge of the Sources 'Uthman's World The World 'Uthman Made and that Made 'Uthman Conclusion 2 COMPANION Introduction The Man Precedence in Islam (Sabiqa) Generosity Muhammad and the Rashidun Caliphs Conclusion 3 CONSULTATION Introduction Defense of the Shura Deliberations Decision Debates 'Uthman's First Acts Conclusion 4 CONQUESTS Introduction Problem of the Sources North Africa Mediterranean Sea Iran Northern Iran and the Caucasus The Iranian Plateau Armenia Mediterranean Sea Conclusion 5 CRISIS Introduction Complaints Rebellion Regicide Aftermath Conclusion 6 CONSEQUENCES Introduction Martyr Unity of the Community Conclusion 7 CONTESTED CONTINUITY Introduction Companion Consultation Caliphate Crisis Conclusion Selected Bibliography Index
Heather Keaney is Associate Professor of History at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California. She teaches, researches and writes on various religio-political debates in the medieval and modern Middle East. She is the author of Medieval Islamic Historiography.
Reviews for 'Uthman ibn 'Affan: Legend or Liability?
'Keaney's book offers as balanced a view of 'Uthman's life, character and policies as one could hope for... She skilfully traces how the controversies that first arose with 'Uthman in the seventh century were spun out in later centuries by various Islamic thinkers, right up to the twenty-first century and the Arab Spring. Clearly and engagingly written throughout, it is an outstanding introduction to Islam's nagging sectarian divisions and political thought.' -- Fred M. Donner, Peter B. Ritzma Professor of Near Eastern History, University of Chicago