The Mexican Revolution defined the sociopolitical experience of those living in Mexico in the twentieth century. Its subsequent legacy has provoked debate between those who interpret the ongoing myth of the Revolution and those who adopt the more middle-of-the-road reality of the regime after 1940. Taking account of these divergent interpretations, this Very Short Introduction offers a succinct narrative and analysis of the Revolution. Using carefully considered sources, Alan Knight addresses the causes of the upheaval, before outlining the armed conflict between 1910 and 1920, explaining how a durable regime was consolidated in the 1920s, and summing up the social reforms of the Revolution, which culminated in the radical years of the 1930s. Along the way, Knight places the conflict alongside other 'great' revolutions, and compares Mexico with the Latin American countries that avoided the violent upheaval.
1. Introduction ; 2. The old regime and the causes of the revolution (1876-1910) ; 3. The Madero revolt and regime (1910-11) ; 4. Counter-revolution and constitutionalism (1913-14) ; 5. The revolution in power (1914-20) ; 6. The institutional revolution: the Sonoran Dynasty (1920-34) ; 7. The Depression, Cardenas and after (1930 -)
Alan Knight is Professor Emeritus of the History of Latin America at Oxford University. His work focuses on twentieth-century Mexico, but also ranges into earlier periods of Mexican history, as well as broader modern Latin American history. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a Leverhulme Research Reader, and a Fellow of the British Academy and, in 2010, he was awarded the Aztec Eagle by the Mexcan government. Previous books include The Mexican Revolution: Porfirians, Liberals and Peasants (CUP, 2002).