This volume comprises the lecture course that Heidegger gave in 1941 on the metaphysics of German Idealism. The first part of the lecture course contains a preliminary consideration of the distinction between ground and existence. The elucidation of the conceptual history includes a striking confrontation with Kierkegaard's and Jaspers' concepts of existence, as well as an elucidation of the concept of existence in Being and Time, which Heidegger distinguishes from the former concepts. Heidegger's self-interpretation is not an end in itself, however, but rather a way of pointing to Schelling's distinction between ground and existence, whose root and inner necessity and whose various versions Heidegger discusses subsequently.
The second part of the lecture course is focused on Schelling's freedom treatise, which Heidegger regards as the pinnacle of the metaphysics of German Idealism. Heidegger's consideration of Schelling's distinction between ground and existence finds its guiding thread in the introduction of the realms of being - eternal or finite, each being is a joining of the ground of existence and existence itself. In a subsequent overview, Heidegger discusses the relation of the distinction between ground and existence to the essence of human freedom and to the essence of the human. On the basis of this discussion, it becomes possible to grasp the connection between freedom and evil in Schelling's system.
This important work by Heidegger, published here in English for the first time, will be of great interest to students and scholars of philosophy and to anyone interested in Heidegger's work.
Ian Alexander Moore
, Rodrigo Therezo
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Publication Date: 06 September 2021
Professional and scholarly
Translators' Introduction INTRODUCTION THE NECESSITY OF A HISTORICAL THINKING 1. Schelling's Treatise as the Peak of the Metaphysics of German Idealism 2. Historical Thinking, Historiographic Explanation, Systematic Reflection 3. Elucidations of the Title of the Treatise 4. The Organization of the Treatise 5. Brief Excursus on a Further Misgiving (the Historiographic - the Current - That Which Has Been) PART I PRELIMINARY REFLECTION ON THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN GROUND AND EXISTENCE 6. The Core Section of the Treatise: The Distinction between Essence Insofar as It Exists and Essence Insofar as it Is Merely Ground of Existence 7. The Organization of the Preliminary Reflection First Chapter The Conceptual-Historical Elucidation of Ground and Existence 8. Essentia and Existentia 9. Existence and Philosophy of Existence (K. Jaspers) 10. Kierkegaard's Concept of Existence 11. Kierkegaard, Philosophy of Existence, and Being and Time (1927) a) What Occasion Is There for Classifying Being and Time as Philosophy of Existence ? ) Analytic of Existence ) Existence - As Understood in the Sense of Kierkegaard's Restriction of It ) Philosophy of Anxiety, of the Nothing, of Death, of Care . . . ) Philosophical Anthropology b) Rejection of the Classification of Being and Time as Philosophy of Existence by Way of an Elucidation of the Concepts of Existence and Da-sein (Elucidations of Being and Time) ) Existence and Dasein as Meaning Actuality in General (As Understood in Traditional Usage of Language) ) Dasein as the Bodily-Psychic-Rational Being-Actual of the Human, and Existence as the Subjectivity of Self-Being (Jaspers) ) Existentiell and Existential Concepts of Existence ) Understanding of Being as the Decisive Determination of Dasein and Existence in Being and Time ) Dasein, Temporality, and Time ) Temporality, Da-sein, Existence ) Anxiety, Death, Guilt, the Nothing within the Realm of Questioning in Being and Time ) The Essence of Da-sein ) Understanding of Being, and Being ) Being and the Human - Anthropomorphism 12. Preliminary Interpretation of Schelling's Concept of Existence 13. The Inceptive Impetuses Determining the Essence of Ground and Their Historical Transformation Second Chapter The Root of Schelling's Distinction between Ground and Existence 14. Elucidation of the Essential Determination of Being as Willing a) The Essential Predicates of Being ) Ground-lessness ) Eternity ) Independence from Time ) Self-Affirmation b) Justification of the Predicates of Being c) In What Way Willing Is Sufficient for the Predicates of Being d) Being in Its Highest and Ultimate Jurisdiction 15. Being as Willing as the Root of the Distinction between Ground and Existence Third Chapter The Inner Necessity of Schelling's Distinction between Ground and Existence Fourth Chapter The Various Formulations of Schelling's Distinction between Ground and Existence 16. The Proper Aim of the Interpretation of the Freedom Treatise: Reaching the Fundamental Position of the Metaphysics of German Idealism. Evil and the System 17. Transition from the Preliminary Reflection to the Interpretation of the Core Section of the Treatise and of the Latter Itself PART II AN INTERPRETATION OF THE CORE SECTION, THE ELUCIDATION OF THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN GROUND AND EXISTENCE 18. The Elucidation of the Distinction as the Presentation of Beings as a Whole (God, World, Human) First Chapter The Reflection that Takes God as a Starting Point 19. The Direct Elucidation: The Presentation of the Being of Beings in God. Philosophy as Unconditional Knowledge of the Absolute in Contrast to Theology and Mathematics. The Various Senses of the Word Nature a) Philosophy and Theology b) Philosophy and Mathematics c) The Concept of the Absolute in Schelling and Hegel 20. The Analogical Elucidation: Presentation of the Correspondence Between the Stations of the Being of the Absolute 21. The Circularity of the Distinction Between Ground and Existence 22. Summary of What Was Said about the Distinction in God 23. Excursus: The Unconditional Precedence of the Certainty (That Is to Say, Concurrently: the Beingness) of the Absolute Second Chapter The Reflection that Takes its Point of Departure from Things 24. The Ground in God as Originary Yearning 25. Creation as Formation through the Imagination; the Creature as Image Third Chapter The Reflection that Takes its Point of Departure from the Human 26. The Necessity of Creation and the Essence of the Human as the Proper Creature in which God Himself Reveals Himself 27. Human Will as Divine Glimpse of Life and Seed of God CONCLUSION OVERVIEW 28 The Distinction and the Essence of Freedom and of Human Freedom in Particular 29 The Distinction in its Full Essence 30. The Distinction and the Essence of the Human 31. The Essence of Evil 32. Evil and the System 33. The System and the Truth (Certainty) of Beings as a Whole 34. What Confrontation Means with Respect to Metaphysics RECAPITULATIONS AND COURSE OF THE INTERPRETATION Recapitulation of 14 January Recapitulation of 21 January Recapitulation of 28 January Recapitulation of 4 February Recapitulation of 11 February Recapitulation of 18 February Recapitulation of 25 February Recapitulation of 4 March Recapitulation of 11 March APPENDIX Preliminary Glimpses and Directives Transitional Reflection on Hegel The Confrontation with the Metaphysics of German Idealism and with Metaphysics in General Supplement (Leibniz) German-English Glossary English-German Glossary Greek/Latin-English Lexicon
Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) was one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century and the author of numerous works including Being and Time.
Reviews for The Metaphysics of German Idealism
Unlike the course he offered on the same subject five years earlier, Heidegger's 1941 lectures on Schelling's 'freedom treatise' demonstrate his decisive break from 'metaphysics,' including German idealism, and allow us to see more clearly the radical reorientation of his later thought. No less fascinating is the large portion of the present volume devoted to an interpretation of Kierkegaard's concept of existence and its relation to the (so-called) 'existentialism' of Being and Time. This excellent translation is a must-read for students and scholars alike. Taylor Carman, Barnard College Heidegger's lecture course from 1941 not only attempts a new interpretation of Schelling's essay on the essence of human freedom, extending his 1936 treatment of that same text, but contains a wealth of material on Heidegger's ongoing reflections on the history of metaphysics and an important series of elucidations of Being and Time. This careful and sensitive translation will not only be of great interest to scholars of German Idealism, but is essential reading for anyone following Heidegger's own philosophical development. William McNeill, DePaul University