During the middle of the 19th-Century, Britain and China would twice go to war over trade, and in particular the trade in opium. The Chinese people had progressively become addicted to the narcotic, a habit that British merchants were more than happy to feed from their opium-poppy fields in India. When the Qing dynasty rulers of China attempted to supress this trade--due to the serious social and economic problems it caused--the British Government responded with gunboat diplomacy, and conflict soon ensued.
The first conflict, known as the First Anglo-Chinese War or Opium War (1839-42), ended in British victory and the Treaty of Nanking. However, this treaty was heavily biased in favour of the British, and it would not be long before there was a renewal of hostilities, taking the form of what became known as the Second Anglo-Chinese War or Arrow War (1857-60). Again, the second conflict would end with an 'unequal treaty' that was heavily biased towards the victor. 'The Lion and the Dragon: Britain's Opium Wars with China, 1839-1860' examines the causes and ensuing military history of these tragic conflicts, as well as their bitter legacies.
Country of Publication:
16 May 2019
Maps; Glossary; Chronology; Introduction; 1 The Iniquitous Trade; 2 Lin Zexu; 3 The British Expedition; 4 Two Battles for Canton; 5 The Advance to Ningpo; 6 The Chinese Counterattack; 7 The Treaty of Nanking; 8 Renewal of Hostilities; 9 The Treaty of Tientsin; 10 Defeat at Taku; 11 Victory at Taku; 12 The Convention of Peking; Appendix I: British Naval and Ground Forces; Appendix II: British Casualty Statistics; Appendix III: Victoria Cross Citations; Appendix IV: The Treaty of Nanking; Appendix V: The Treaty of the Bogue; Appendix VI: The Treaty of Tientsin; Appendix VII: The Convention of Peking; Endnotes; Bibliography; Index.
Mark Simner Has Been Interested In British Military History Since Childhood, Having Widely Read And Researched The Period Of 1700 To 1945. In 2007 He Setup The Incredibly Successful Victorian Wars Forum, Which Was Followed By The Equally Popular Napoleonic Wars Forum In 2011. His First Book, 'An Illustrated Introduction To The Battle Of Waterloo', Was Published In May 2015, And He Has Since Written A Number Of Other Titles And Articles.