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The Fourth Reich

The Specter of Nazism from World War II to the Present

Gavriel D. Rosenfeld (Fairfield University, Connecticut)



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Cambridge University Press
14 March 2019
History; European history; 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000; Fascism & Nazism
Ever since the collapse of the Third Reich, anxieties have persisted about Nazism's revival in the form of a Fourth Reich. Gavriel D. Rosenfeld reveals, for the first time, these postwar nightmares of a future that never happened and explains what they tell us about Western political, intellectual, and cultural life. He shows how postwar German history might have been very different without the fear of the Fourth Reich as a mobilizing idea to combat the right-wing forces that genuinely threatened the country's democratic order. He then explores the universalization of the Fourth Reich by left-wing radicals in the 1960s, its transformation into a source of pop culture entertainment in the 1970s, and its embrace by authoritarian populists and neo-Nazis seeking to attack the European Union since the year 2000. This is a timely analysis of a concept that is increasingly relevant in an era of surging right-wing politics.
By:   Gavriel D. Rosenfeld (Fairfield University Connecticut)
Imprint:   Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 235mm,  Width: 158mm,  Spine: 27mm
Weight:   720g
ISBN:   9781108497497
ISBN 10:   1108497497
Pages:   408
Publication Date:   14 March 2019
Audience:   General/trade ,  ELT Advanced
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Introduction; 1. Between fantasy and nightmare: inventing the Fourth Reich in the Third Reich; 2. From werewolves to democrats: the Fourth Reich under Allied occupation; 3. The Fourth Reich turns right: renazifying Germany in the 1950s; 4. From Germany to the United States: universalizing the Fourth Reich in the turbulent 1960s; 5. Hitler in Argentina: fictionalizing the Fourth Reich in the long 1970s; 6. Re-Germanizing the Fourth Reich: from reunification to the Reich Citizens' Movement; Conclusion.

Gavriel D. Rosenfeld is Professor of History at Fairfield University, Connecticut. He has published widely on the Third Reich, the Holocaust, and the Second World War, including Hi Hitler! How the Nazi Past is Being Normalized in Contemporary Culture (Cambridge, 2014), which won the 2017 Sybil Halpern Milton Memorial Book Prize for the best book dealing with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.

Reviews for The Fourth Reich: The Specter of Nazism from World War II to the Present

Advance praise: 'Gavriel D. Rosenfeld's new book is a brilliant and very timely exploration of something that never happened. It examines how it is that people after WWII imagined the possibility of a Fourth Reich, in whatever form or shape. As the history of a political concept that spoke to the preoccupations of postwar transatlantic societies, it is a very distinctive addition to our understanding of the stability of democracy in postwar Germany and the postwar West more broadly.' Richard Steigmann-Gall, author of The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity Advance praise: 'Gavriel D. Rosenfeld, the pioneer of counterfactual history, has written a disturbing book. The Fourth Reich illuminates that the fears and fantasies about a new type of Nazi regime have preoccupied Western societies since 1945. This book couldn't be more timely.' Thomas Kuhne, author of The Rise and Fall of Comradeship: Hitler's Soldiers, Male Bonding and Mass Violence in the Twentieth Century Advance praise: 'After two earlier forays into the Third Reich's counterfactual history, Gavriel D. Rosenfeld now returns for another equally original and imaginative exploration, patiently dissecting the dreams, anxieties, and speculations associated with the idea of a Fourth Reich. In retrieving these complicated and often surprising post-1945 after-lives of Hitler and his regime, no one is more careful and accomplished.' Geoff Eley, author of Nazism as Fascism: Violence, Ideology, and the Ground of Consent, 1930-1945 Advance praise: 'This insightful book explores the history of the Fourth Reich: while it never existed, fears (and sometimes hopes) that it might come about certainly did. Rosenfeld sheds light on these, as well as on their political context and cultural expression. A fascinating and original study.' Bill Niven, author of Facing the Nazi Past

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