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Testing Computers Systems for FDA/MHRA Compliance
— —
David Stokes
Testing Computers Systems for FDA/MHRA Compliance by David Stokes at Abbey's Bookshop,

Testing Computers Systems for FDA/MHRA Compliance

David Stokes


CRC Press Inc

Pharmaceutical industries;
Epidemiology & medical statistics;
Scientific standards;
Pharmaceutical technology;
Systems analysis & design


136 pages

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There is no substitute for extensive testing when it comes to IT systems. Recognition that problems are easier and cheaper to fix before the system is in use (rather than after), has turned testing into a cost-effective tool. However, when developing computer systems for pharmaceuticals manufacturing, testing to meet regulatory requirements adds an additional layer of complexity. Testing Computers Systems for FDA/MHRA Compliance focuses on software module, software integration, hardware, and system acceptance testing. Reflecting the renewed emphasis of the FDA and other global regulatory agencies towards systematic inspections and risk-based validation with an underlying scientific rationale, this guide focuses on current best practices in computer systems testing in the regulatory environment. David Stokes demonstrates how the principles detailed in the GAMP 4 Guide can be used to define a pragmatic approach to testing. He includes techniques for testing large Internet-based systems for compliance with the stringent requirements of regulations such as 21CFR Part 11, and clarifies the relationship and responsibilities of the system user and supplier . The author also delineates where testing starts in the project lifecycle, who performs what testing, where the lines of responsibility start and end, and the differences in the terminology used in the healthcare and general IT sectors. A checklist of questions to be used when developing System Test Specification(s), and templates for documenting typical system test results, round out the features that make this book a practical guide for all those involved in the development and implementation of IT systems for the pharmaceutical and related healthcare manufacturing industries. Senior managers, team project leaders, project team members, and industry trainees, will all benefit from this clear and practical guide.

By:   David Stokes
Imprint:   CRC Press Inc
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 254mm,  Width: 178mm,  Spine: 12mm
Weight:   440g
ISBN:   9780849321634
ISBN 10:   0849321638
Pages:   136
Publication Date:   November 2003
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active

PURPOSE SCOPE What this Guideline Covers When this Guideline is Applicable? Who this Guideline is Intended for? WHY DO WE TEST? Because the Regulators Require Us to... Because the Quality Assurance Department Require Us to... Because We've Always Done it this Way... Because it Saves Money! WHAT TO TEST GxP Priority Software/Hardware Category Test Rationale and Test Policies Testing or Verification? THE TEST STRATEGY Risk Based Rationale The Relationship Between Test Specification(s) Integrating or Omitting the System test Specification(s) The Role of Factory and Site Acceptance Tests Roles and Responsibilities Relationships with Other Lifecycle Phases and Documents (Inputs and Outputs) THE DEVELOPMENT LIFECYCLE OF A TEST SPECIFICATION Recommended Phasing; Interfaces Between and the Dependencies of Activities Milestones in the Process Inputs to the Development of a Test Specification Document Evolution Constraints on the Development of a Test Specification Constraints on the Testing Conducting the Tests Outputs from the Testing RECOMMENDED CONTENT FOR SYSTEM TEST SPECIFICATION(S) Overview General section Individual Test Cases GOOD TESTING PRACTICES Prepare for Success Common Problems Testing in the Life Science Industries is Different Prerequisite Training An Overview of the Test Programme Roles and Responsibilities Managing a Test Programme Checking Test Scripts in and out Recording Test Results To Sign or Not to Sign The Use of Test Witnesses Capturing Test Evidence (Raw Data) Proceed or Abort? (Test Incident Management) Categorising Test Incidents Impact Assessment Test Execution Status Test Data Status Test Log-On Accounts (User IDs) SUPPLIER SYSTEM TEST REPORTS/QUALIFICATION THE USE OF ELECTRONIC TEST MANAGEMENT AND AUTOMATED TEST TOOLS The Need for Test Tools in the Pharmaceutical Industry Test Tool Functionality Electronic Records and Electronic Signature Compliance The Availability of Suitable Test Tools Test Script Lifecycle Incident Lifecycle Flexibility for Non-GxP Use Project and Compliance Approach Testing Test Tools Test Record Integrity Features to Look Out For Appendix A - Hardware test specification and testing Appendix B - Package Configuration Test Specifications and Testing Appendix C - Software Module Test Specifications and Testing Appendix D - Software Integration Test Specifications and Testing Appendix E - System Acceptance Test Specifications and Testing Appendix F - Risk Based Testing Appendix G - Traceability Matrices Appendix H - Test Script Templates Appendix I - Checklists Appendix J - References and Acknowledgements

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