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Strategy, Evolution, and War

From Apes to Artificial Intelligence

Kenneth Payne



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Georgetown University Press
01 June 2018
Military history; International relations; Defence strategy, planning & research
Decisions about war have always been made by humans, but now intelligent machines are on the cusp of changing things - with dramatic consequences for international affairs. This book explores the evolutionary origins of human strategy, and makes a provocative argument that Artificial Intelligence will radically transform the nature of war by changing the psychological basis of decision-making about violence.

Strategy, Evolution, and War is a cautionary preview of how Artificial Intelligence (AI) will revolutionize strategy more than any development in the last three thousand years of military history. Kenneth Payne describes strategy as an evolved package of conscious and unconscious behaviors with roots in our primate ancestry. Our minds were shaped by the need to think about warfare-a constant threat for early humans. As a result, we developed a sophisticated and strategic intelligence.

The implications of AI are profound because they depart radically from the biological basis of human intelligence. Rather than being just another tool of war, AI will dramatically speed up decision making and use very different cognitive processes, including when deciding to launch an attack, or escalate violence. AI will change the essence of strategy, the organization of armed forces, and the international order.

This book is a fascinating examination of the psychology of strategy-making from prehistoric times, through the ancient world, and into the modern age.
By:   Kenneth Payne
Imprint:   Georgetown University Press
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 229mm,  Width: 152mm, 
Weight:   386g
ISBN:   9781626165809
ISBN 10:   1626165807
Pages:   269
Publication Date:   01 June 2018
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active

Kenneth Payne is a senior lecturer in the School of Security Studies at King's College, London. He is also a senior member of St Antony's College, Oxford University, having earlier been a visiting fellow in the Department of International Relations there. Payne's research is broadly in the field of political psychology and strategic studies. He is the author of two previous books, The Psychology of Strategy: Exploring Rationality in the Vietnam War and The Psychology of Modern Conflict.

Reviews for Strategy, Evolution, and War: From Apes to Artificial Intelligence

Arguing his case clearly and with few qualifications, Kenneth Payne takes forward his existing studies on the psychology of conflict in order to consider the consequences of the spread of systems employing Artifical Intelligence (AI). This is an important topic, and Payne is right to draw attention to its significance. * Military History Monthly Magazine *

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