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Show Trial: Hollywood, HUAC, and the Birth of the Blacklist

Thomas Doherty

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Hardback

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Columbia University Press
15 April 2018
Film, TV & Radio; History of the Americas; 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000; Social & cultural history; Marxism & Communism; Cinema industry
In 1947, the Cold War came to Hollywood. Over nine tumultuous days in October, the House Un-American Activities Committee held a notorious round of hearings into alleged Communist subversion in the movie industry. The blowback was profound: the major studios pledged to never again employ a known Communist or unrepentant fellow traveler. The declaration marked the onset of the blacklist era, a time when political allegiances, real or suspected, determined employment opportunities in the entertainment industry. Hundreds of artists were shown the door-or had it shut in their faces.

In Show Trial, Thomas Doherty takes us behind the scenes at the first full-on media-political spectacle of the postwar era. He details the theatrical elements of a proceeding that bridged the realms of entertainment and politics, a courtroom drama starring glamorous actors, colorful moguls, on-the-make congressmen, high-priced lawyers, single-minded investigators, and recalcitrant screenwriters, all recorded by newsreel cameras and broadcast over radio. Doherty tells the story of the Hollywood Ten and the other witnesses, friendly and unfriendly, who testified, and chronicles the implementation of the postwar blacklist. Show Trial is a rich, character-driven inquiry into how the HUAC hearings ignited the anti-Communist crackdown in Hollywood, providing a gripping cultural history of one of the most transformative events of the postwar era.
By:   Thomas Doherty
Imprint:   Columbia University Press
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 229mm,  Width: 152mm, 
ISBN:   9780231187787
ISBN 10:   0231187785
Series:   Film and Culture Series
Pages:   424
Publication Date:   15 April 2018
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Primary ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Unspecified
Program Notes Thanks and Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations Part I. Backstories 1. How the Popular Front Became Unpopular 2. Hollywood's War Record 3. The Preservation of American Ideals 4. The Magic of a Hollywood Dateline 5. Smearing Hollywood with the Brush of Communism Part II. On Location in Washington 6. Showtime 7. Lovefest 8. Friendlies, Cooperative and Uncooperative 9. Hollywood's Finest 10. Doldrums 11. Crashing Page 1 12. Contempt 13. $64 Questions and No Answers 14. Jewish Questions 15. The Curtain Drops Part III. Backfire 16. The Waldorf and Other Declarations 17. Blacklists and Casualty Lists 18. Not Only Victims A Bibliographical Note Notes Index

Thomas Doherty is professor of American studies at Brandeis University. His previous Columbia University Press books include Pre-Code Hollywood: Sex, Immorality, and Insurrection in American Cinema, 1930-1934 (1999); Cold War, Cool Medium: Television, McCarthyism, and American Culture (2003); Hollywood's Censor: Joseph I. Breen and the Production Code Administration (2007); and Hollywood and Hitler, 1933-1939 (2013).

Reviews for Show Trial: Hollywood, HUAC, and the Birth of the Blacklist

A thorough and lively chronicle of a shameful episode in American political and entertainment history.--Kirkus Reviews A riveting, exhaustive look at the 1947 House Un-American Activities Committee investigation into Communists in the film industry. . . . In the current era of legislative upheaval, Doherty's vital, impressive history feels both relevant and urgent.--Publishers Weekly A shameful interlude in American history highly relevant to today's political divisions.--Booklist Doherty thoroughly chronicles the HUAC circus, with its parade of well-known stars--both defiant (screenwriters Dalton Trumbo) and reluctant (Humphrey Bogart)--and accusers, such as Rep. J. Parnell Thomas. . . . For readers who appreciate both Hollywood's golden age and the postwar politics that animated it.--Library Journal Written with breathtaking concision and all the intrigue of a spy novel, Doherty's account of the 1947 House Un-American Activities Commission (HUAC) hearing frames the alleged subversion of Hollywood by Communists as the mirror image of the Moscow Trials.--Carrie Rickey Film Quarterlty Deeply absorbing, expertly researched, and thoroughly entertaining.--Noah Isenberg The New Republic Illuminating. . . . With accessible prose and astute academic insight, Doherty shows us that both the studios and the Hollywood Ten were victims of HUAC. His Show Trial is likely to become the standard authority on the genesis of the Hollywood blacklist.--Christopher Yogerst The Washington Post Show Trial is a solid piece of reportage on a specific event that had shattering results. . . . We've all read accounts of this fateful showdown between Washington and Hollywood, but never in such depth or with such well-informed commentary.--Leonard Maltin Engrossing. . . . The world suffers no shortage of books about the blacklist, but Show Trial stands out for telling its story without grinding axes.--Jesse Walker Reason A lively and highly readable account. . . . Show Trial provides a vivid picture of an episode in US history that, for a barely credible mixture of political ugliness and downright farce, has rarely been equalled. Or at least, not until recently.--Philip Kemp Sight & Sound Doherty proves there are still a few surprises, even after recent revisionist accounts exposed deeper ties than previously known between the Hollywood Ten and their Soviet controllers. In his fascinating Show Trial: Hollywood, HUAC, and the Birth of the Blacklist, Doherty doesn't romanticize the Ten or try to justify the excesses of HUAC. Instead, he highlights a lesser-known aspect of the hearings: the dilemma of Hollywood centrists and liberals squeezed between the extremists on both sides. Like anti-Trump conservatives today, anti-Communist liberals in late 1940s Hollywood found that the middle could be a very lonely place.--Mark Horowitz Commentary Thomas Doherty's fans, of whom I am one, know he is a first-rate film historian with a sharp eye for political theater as well as a stylish writer with a knack for turning a phrase. Show Trial gives a thorough, well-contextualized, clear-eyed, and witty account of the 1947 HUAC Hollywood Ten hearings, full of pithy characterizations and choice bits of business.--J. Hoberman, author of An Army of Phantoms: American Movies and the Making of the Cold War Doherty is one of the best, if not the best, writers in the American studies world today, and has produced an excellent book that will command a great deal of attention. Show Trial sheds new light on the story of the Hollywood Ten and HUAC and does it in fresh and exciting ways. One of the book's greatest strengths is that it stays away from familiar academic debates that focus heavily on politics and instead tells a character-driven story using quotes from a wide variety of contemporaneous participants. Doherty places the personalities of the era--left and right--on center stage. This is easily the most comprehensive and comprehensible study of HUAC and the Hollywood Ten to date, and I predict it will become the book to read on this topic.--Steven Ross, author of Hitler in Los Angeles: How Jews Foiled Nazi Plots Against Hollywood and America Thomas Doherty's Show Trial is a uniquely pragmatic history of the Hollywood Blacklist--a big book on a big topic that ruthlessly defies and confounds orthodoxy at every turn. No book in print provides a fuller accounting of the hearings themselves. And no author to date gives his readers so much room to appreciate and understand who said what and why.--Jon Lewis, author of Hard-Boiled Hollywood: Crime and Punishment in Postwar Los Angeles


  • Commended for Richard Wall Memorial Award, Theatre Library Association 2019

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