While the effects of pressure change are readily quantified in physics, chemistry, and engineering applications, the physiology, medicine, and biology of pressure changes in living systems are much more complicated. This complex science translated to technical diving is discussed in a five-part series, with each topic self-contained and strategically developed in relationship to diving, spanning many disciplines and focusing on a number of technical areas. A suite of application exercises is provided at strategic points in the text. Additional material focusing on diving data, statistical correlations, underwater tests, and risk is included.
Country of Publication:
01 June 2015
Further / Higher Education
CONVENTIONS AND UNITS DIVING HISTORY PART 1: EARTH ATMOSPHERE, TERRASPHERE, AND HYDROSPHERE Cosmology Gravitation Centrifugal And Coriolis Effects Solar Radiation Solar Constant Seasons Equinoctial Precession And Nutation Solar System Atmospheric Gases Solar System Atmospheric Temperatures Global Warming Versus Cooling Clouds And Lightning Meteorology Geosciences Geology Plate Tectonics Oceans And Seawater Salinity Ocean Temperatures Ocean Currents Zones Ocean Trenches And Island Arcs Ocean Ridges Wave Motion Fluidization Seiches Wind And Waves Tides Bores Tsunamis Cyclonic Flows And Vorticities Storm Surges Prevailing Atmospheric Highs And Lows El Nino And La Nina Jet Stream PART 2: PRESSURE, DENSITY, AND BUBBLES Atomistics And Elements Binding Energy Pressure Density Archimedes Principle Wetsuits Fresh And Salt Water Seed And Bubble Response Hyperbaric Chambers Metrology And Calibration Capillary Gauges Bourdon And Oil Filled Gauges Submersible Tank Gauges Compressibility And Cubical Expansion Activities Rate Effective Consumption High Pressure Cylinders Regulators And Rebreathers Steady Flow General Flow Conservation Doppler Effect Moving Bubbles Operational Diving Pulmonary And Circulatory Networks Inherent Unsaturation Surface Tension Adsorption Surfactants Micronuclei Free Phases Nucleation Cavitation PART 3: GAS KINETICS AND PHASE TRANSFER Gas Kinetics Ideal Gases Real Gases Collisional Phenomena Temperature First And Second Laws Dissolved Phase Transfer Perfusion Controlled Transport Diffusion Controlled Transport Free Phase Transfer Decompression Critical Tensions Controlling Tissues Time Remaining Saturation Curve And Separated Phase Critical Phase Volumes Ascent Staging Consistent Critical Parameter Sets Reduced Atmospheric Pressure Critical Extrapolations Altitude Procedures And Equivalent Sea Level Depth (ESLD) Altitude Delay Time Equivalent Decompression Ratios Extended Haldane Staging Hypobaric And Hyperbaric Asymptotics Barometer Equation Mixtures Biological Reactivities Comparative Properties Nitrox Heliox Trimix Hydrox Haldane Decompression Procedures Equivalent Air Depth (EAD) Equivalent Mixture Depth (EMD) Oxygen Rebreathing Best Breathing Mixture Gas Mixing Isobaric Countertransport Oxygen Dose And Toxicity PART 4: COMPUTING AND DIVING ALGORITHMS Computing Advances Grand Challenge Applications Multilevel Dive Profile Analysis Computational Models And Meters Model And Table Profile Comparisons Protocols Tables Meters Model History Bulk Diffusion Model Multitissue Model Thermodynamic Model Varying Permeability Model Reduced Gradient Bubble Model Tissue Bubble Diffusion Model Empirical Practices Phase And Haldane Model Comparisons RGBM Field Data Bubble Model Computer Implementation PART 5: STATISTICS, RISK, COMPARATIVE PROFILES, AND MALADIES Systematics And Issues Binomial Distribution Normal Distribution Poisson Distribution Probabilistic Decompression Maximum Likelihood Saturation Bends Probability Table And Profile Risks Data Banks And Model Correlation Comparative Model Profiles And Risk Maladies Bends High Pressure Nervous Syndrome Inert Gas Narcosis Hyperoxia And Hypoxia Hypercapnia And Hypocapnia Barotrauma Altitude Sickness Pulmonary Edema Hypothermia And Hyperthermia Dysbaric Osteonecrosis Drugs APPENDIX A: FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND RELATIONSHIPS Matter Mechanics Light Optics Sound Heat Equation of State Rheology Deformation Friction And Tribology Viscosity Shocks Thermometry Thermodynamics Phase Transformations Vapor Pressure Electrodynamics Plasmas Fusion Energy Stellar Evolution Elementary Particle Interactions APPENDIX B: DIVEWARE AND PLANNING Algorithms Packages Samples REFERENCES