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# Random Processes for Engineers: A Primer

## Arthur David Snider

#### Hardback

QTY:

Productivity Press
19 January 2017
Stochastics; Maths for engineers
This book offers an intuitive approach to random processes and educates the reader on how to interpret and predict their behavior. Premised on the idea that new techniques are best introduced by specific, low-dimensional examples, the mathematical exposition is easier to comprehend and more enjoyable, and it motivates the subsequent generalizations. It distinguishes between the science of extracting statistical information from raw data--e.g., a time series about which nothing is known a priori--and that of analyzing specific statistical models, such as Bernoulli trials, Poisson queues, ARMA, and Markov processes. The former motivates the concepts of statistical spectral analysis (such as the Wiener-Khintchine theory), and the latter applies and interprets them in specific physical contexts. The formidable Kalman filter is introduced in a simple scalar context, where its basic strategy is transparent, and gradually extended to the full-blown iterative matrix form.
By:   Arthur David Snider
Imprint:   Productivity Press
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 235mm,  Width: 156mm,
Weight:   522g
ISBN:   9781498799034
ISBN 10:   1498799035
Pages:   195
Publication Date:   19 January 2017
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Primary ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Table of Contents Preface Chapter 1 Probability Basics: A Retrospective 1.1 What Is Probability ? 1.2 The Additive Law 1.3 Conditional Probability and Independence Summary: Importat Laws of Probability 1.4 Permutations and Combinations 1.5 Continuous Random Variables Summary: Important facts About Continuous RandomVariables 1.6 Countability and Measure Theory 1.7 Moments Summary: Important facts About Expected Values and Moments 1.8 Derived Distributions Summary: Important Facts About Change of Variable 1.9 The Normal or Gaussian Distribution Summary: Important Equations Involving the Normal (Gaussian) Distribution 1.10 Multivariate Statistics 1.11 Bivariate probability density functions Summary: Important Equations for Bivariate Random Variables 1.12 The Bivariate Gaussian Distribution Summary: Important Equations for the Bivariate Gaussian 1.13 Sums of Random Variables Summary: Important Equations for Sums of Random Variables 1.14 The Multivariate Gaussian 1.15 The Importance of the Normal Distribution Exercises for Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Random Processes 2.1 Examples of random processes 2.2 The Mathematical Characterization of Random Processes Summary: The First and Second Moments of Random Processes 2.3 Prediction: The Statistician's Task Exercises for Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Analysis of Raw Data 3.1 Stationarity and Ergodicity 3.2 The Limit Concept in Random Processes 3.3 Spectral Methods for Obtaining Autocorrelations 3.4 Interpretation of the Discrete Time Fourier Transform 3.5 The Power Spectral Density 3.6 Interpretation of the Power Spectral Density 3.7 Engineering the Power Spectral Density 3.8 Back to Estimating the Autocorrelation 3.9 The Secret of Bartlett's Method 3.10 Spectral Analysis for Continuous Random Processes Summary: Spectral Properties of Discrete and Continuous Random Processes Exercises for Chapter 3 Chapter 4. Models for Random Processes 4.1 Differential Equations Background 4.2 Difference Equations 4.3 ARMA Models 4.4 The Yule-Walker Equations 4.5 Construction of ARMA Models 4.6 Higher-Order ARMA Processes 4.7 The Random Sine Wave 4.8 The Bernoulli and Binomial Processes Summary: Bernoulli Process Summary: Binomial Process 4.9 Shot Noise and the Poisson Process 4.10 Random Walks and the Wiener Process 4.11 Markov Processes Summary: Common Random Process Models Exercises for Chapter 5 Chapter 5. Least Mean-Square Error Predictors 5.1 The Optimal Constant Predictor 5.2 The Optimal Constant-Multiple Predictor 5.3 Digression: Orthogonality 5.4 Multivariate LMSE Prediction: The Normal Equations 5.5 The Bias 5.6 Best Straight-Line Predictor 5.7 Prediction for a Random Process 5.8 Interpolation, Smoothing, Extrapolation, and Back-Prediction 5.9 The Wiener Filter Exercises for Chapter 5 Chapter 6 The Kalman Filter 6.1 The Basic Kalman Filter 6.2 Kalman Filter with Transition: Model and Examples 6.3 The Scalar Kalman Filter with Noiseless Transition 6.4 The Scalar Kalman Filter with Noisy Transition 6.5 Iteration of the Scalar Kalman Filter 6.6 Matrix Formulation for the Kalman Filter Exercises for Chapter 6

Dr. Arthur David Snider has over fifty years of experience in modeling physical systems in the areas of heat transfer, electromagnetics, microwave circuits, and orbital mechanics, as well as the mathematical areas of numerical analysis, signal processing, differential equations, and optimization. He holds degrees in both mathematics (BS, MIT, PhD, NYU) and physics (MA, Boston U), and he is a registered professional engineer. He served for forty-five years on the faculties of mathematics, physics, and electrical engineering at the University of South Florida after working for five years as a systems analyst at MIT's Draper Instrumentation Lab. He consults in many industries in Florida and has published five other textbooks in applied mathematics.

### Reviews for Random Processes for Engineers: A Primer

This is great and timely book! It takes difficult concepts and distills them to the reader in a way that is simple and easy to understand. It connects students with hard to understand theories and concepts though the use of good examples and graphical illustrations. - George Edwards, University of Denver, USA This book offers an intuitive approach to random processes and discusses how to interpret and predict their behavior. Based on the idea that new techniques are best introduced by specific, low-dimensional examples, the mathematical exposition is made easier to comprehend and serves to motivate the subsequent generalizations. It distinguishes between the science of extracting statistical information from raw data such as a time series about which nothing is known a priori and that of analyzing specific statistical models, such as Bernoulli trials, Poisson queues, ARMA, and Markov processes. The former motivates the concepts of statistical spectral analysis (such as the Wiener-Khintchine theory), and the latter applies and interprets them in specific physical contexts. The Kalman filter is introduced in a simple scalar context, where its basic strategy is transparent and gradually extended to the full-blown iterative matrix form. -IEEE Control Systems Magazine, December 2017 Issue