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Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics

Fridolin Weber (San Diego State University, California, USA)



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Institute of Physics Publishing
01 May 1999
Theoretical & mathematical astronomy; Galaxies & stars; Nuclear structure physics; Quantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory); Astrophysics
Pulsars, generally accepted to be rotating neutron stars, are dense, neutron-packed remnants of massive stars that blew apart in supernova explosions. They are typically about 10 kilometers across and spin rapidly, often making several hundred rotations per second. Depending on star mass, gravity compresses the matter in the cores of pulsars up to more than ten times the density of ordinary atomic nuclei, thus providing a high-pressure environment in which numerous particle processes, from hyperon population to quark deconfinement to the formation of Boson condensates, may compete with each other. There are theoretical suggestions of even more exotic processes inside pulsars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter, a configuration of matter even more stable than the most stable atomic nucleus, ^T56Fe. In the latter event, pulsars would be largely composed of pure quark matter, eventually enveloped in nuclear crust matter.

These features combined with the tremendous recent progress in observational radio and x-ray astronomy make pulsars nearly ideal probes for a wide range of physical studies, complementing the quest of the behavior of superdense matter in terrestrial collider experiments. Written by an eminent author, Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics gives a reliable account of the present status of such research, which naturally is to be performed at the interface between nuclear physics, particle physics, and Einstein's theory of relativity.
By:   Fridolin Weber (San Diego State University California USA)
Imprint:   Institute of Physics Publishing
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 234mm,  Width: 156mm,  Spine: 38mm
Weight:   1.270kg
ISBN:   9780750303323
ISBN 10:   0750303328
Series:   Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation
Pages:   696
Publication Date:   01 May 1999
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Professional & Vocational ,  A / AS level ,  Further / Higher Education
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active

Reviews for Pulsars as Astrophysical Laboratories for Nuclear and Particle Physics

A remarkable reference work covering an enormous range of material from astrophysics to nuclear and particle physics in an interesting and accessible manner. This is a very important contribution to the literature. -Anthony W. Thomas, University of Adelaide, Australia

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