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Political Ecology of REDD+ in Indonesia

Agrarian Conflicts and Forest Carbon

Jonas I. Hein (Kiel University, Germany)



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22 November 2018
Indonesia's commitment to reducing land-based greenhouse gas emissions significantly includes the expansion of conservation areas, but these developments are not free of conflicts. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of agrarian conflicts in the context of the implementation of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) and forest carbon offsetting in Indonesia, a country where deforestation is a major issue.

The author analyzes new kinds of transnational agrarian conflicts which have strong implications for global environmental justice in the REDD+ pilot province of Jambi on the island of Sumatra. The chapters cover: the rescaling of the governance of forests; privatization of conservation; and the transnational dimensions of agrarian conflicts and peasants' resistance in the context of REDD+. The book builds on an innovative conceptual approach linking political ecology, politics of scale and theories of power. It fills an important knowledge and research gap by focusing on the socially differentiated impacts of REDD+ and new forest carbon offsetting initiatives in Southeast Asia, providing a multi-scalar perspective.

It is aimed at scholars in the areas of political ecology, human geography, climate change mitigation, forest and natural resource management, as well as environmental justice and agrarian studies.

The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
By:   Jonas I. Hein (Kiel University Germany)
Imprint:   Routledge
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 234mm,  Width: 156mm, 
Weight:   485g
ISBN:   9781138479319
ISBN 10:   1138479314
Series:   Routledge Studies in Political Ecology
Pages:   220
Publication Date:   22 November 2018
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Further / Higher Education ,  A / AS level
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
1. Introduction Introducing the politics of REDD+ and peasant resistance A guide through the book 2. Conceptual, theoretical and methodological underpinning for a political ecology of transnational agrarian conflicts Political ecology Linking social-spatial theory with conservation territories and property relations Conceptualizing power and resistance Key arguments Multi-sited qualitative research 3. Rescaling of the governance of forests and land in Indonesia The history of Indonesia's forest and land tenure governance Access to different types of de jure land and forest rights Jambi's contested landscapes: From dispossession and development to conservation De Facto land tenure and the making of new property in the state forest territory Counter territories and settlement schemes prior to the formation of the Harapan Rainforest project Village-scale peat-swamp conversion and settlement schemes in the surroundings of the Berbak Carbon Initiative Summary and preliminary conclusion 4. REDD+, Privatization and transnationalization of conservation in Indonesia REDD+ governance and attempts to commodify forest carbon Indonesian REDD+ governance Privatization and transnationalization of conservation: conservation concessions and co-management Summary and preliminary conclusion 5. Transnationalized agrarian conflicts in the REDD+ The formation of resistance movements and alternative scales of meaning and regulation Agro-industrial expansion, land concentration and violence at Jambi's oil palm frontier Conservation vs. agrarian reform: conflict between SPI and the Harapan Rainforest The conflict about Kunangan Jaya I: defending village expansion We are here to stay: the conflicts in Camp Gunung and Tanjung Mandiri Peasants migrants and the state: conflicts among state apparatuses concerning access to and control of the Berbak Carbon Initiative Summary and preliminary conclusion 6. Conclusion: Towards a political ecology of transnational agrarian conflicts Elements for a political ecology of transnational agrarian conflict Final remarks: implications for REDD+, uneven development and future directions of research for political ecology

Jonas I. Hein is a Researcher at the Institute of Geography, Kiel University, Germany and Associate Researcher at the German Development Institute/ Deutsches Institut fur Entwicklungspolitik in Bonn, Germany. He completed his PhD in Human Geography at the University of Goettingen, Germany.

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