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Cambridge University Press
14 February 2019
Religious freedom & freedom of worship; Development economics; Political economy; Economic history
Religious freedom has become an emblematic value in the West. Embedded in constitutions and championed by politicians and thinkers across the political spectrum, it is to many an absolute value, something beyond question. Yet how it emerged, and why, remains widely misunderstood. Tracing the history of religious persecution from the Fall of Rome to the present-day, Noel D. Johnson and Mark Koyama provide a novel explanation of the birth of religious liberty. This book treats the subject in an integrative way by combining economic reasoning with historical evidence from medieval and early modern Europe. The authors elucidate the economic and political incentives that shaped the actions of political leaders during periods of state building and economic growth.
By:   Noel D. Johnson (George Mason University Virginia), Mark Koyama (George Mason University, Virginia)
Imprint:   Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 235mm,  Width: 156mm,  Spine: 25mm
Weight:   640g
ISBN:   9781108425025
ISBN 10:   110842502X
Series:   Cambridge Studies in Economics, Choice, and Society
Pages:   368
Publication Date:   14 February 2019
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
1. Toleration, persecution, and state capacity; Part I. Conditional Toleration: 2 Religion and the state in the premodern world; 3. Why do states persecute?; 4. Jewish communities, conditional toleration, and rent-seeking; 5. Climatic shocks and persecutions; 6. The shock of the Black Death; Part II. The Origins of Religious Freedom: 7. State building and the reformation; 8. The inquisition and the establishment of religious homogeneity in Spain; 9. From confessionalization to toleration and then to religious liberty; 10. From persecution to emancipation; Part III. Implications of Greater Religious Liberty: 11. The persecution of witchcraft; 12. Religious minorities and economic growth; 13. The emergence of modern states, religious freedom, and modern economic growth; 14. Applying our argument to the rest of the world; 15. Modern states, liberalism, and religious freedom; 16. Conclusions.

Noel D. Johnson is an Associate Professor of Economics at George Mason University, Virginia and a Senior Research Fellow at the Mercatus Center. Mark Koyama is an Associate Professor of Economics at George Mason University, Virginia and a Senior Scholar at the Mercatus Center. He was a 2017-2018 National Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution.

Reviews for Persecution and Toleration: The Long Road to Religious Freedom

'A profound new argument about the relationship between political power and religion in the making of the modern world. If you want to know where the liberty you currently enjoy, for now, came from, this is the book to read.' James Robinson, Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict, University of Chicago 'Johnson and Koyama investigate the fascinating intersection of the state and religion in late medieval and early modern Europe. Rather than enduring patterns of religious toleration or persecution, of liberty or tyranny, they tell a rich history of change and variation in rules, institutions, and societies. This is an important and persuasive book.' John Joseph Wallis, Mancur Olson Professor of Economics, University of Maryland, College Park 'Lucidly written, incisively argued, this book shows how religious toleration emerged not only from ideas, but also from institutions which motivated people - especially the powerful - to accept and act on those ideas. A brilliant account of early modern Europe's transition from identity-based privileges to open markets and impartial governance.' Sheilagh Ogilvie, University of Cambridge 'This analysis of the historical process underlying the modern state formation is a fantastic scholarly accomplishment. The implications for the present, in terms of the risks associated to the loss of the core liberal values of modern western states, will not be lost to the careful reader.' Alberto Bisin, New York University `A profound new argument about the relationship between political power and religion in the making of the modern world. If you want to know where the liberty you currently enjoy, for now, came from, this is the book to read.' James Robinson, Richard L. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict, University of Chicago `Johnson and Koyama investigate the fascinating intersection of the state and religion in late medieval and early modern Europe. Rather than enduring patterns of religious toleration or persecution, of liberty or tyranny, they tell a rich history of change and variation in rules, institutions, and societies. This is an important and persuasive book.' John Joseph Wallis, Mancur Olson Professor of Economics, University of Maryland, College Park `Lucidly written, incisively argued, this book shows how religious toleration emerged not only from ideas, but also from institutions which motivated people - especially the powerful - to accept and act on those ideas. A brilliant account of early modern Europe's transition from identity-based privileges to open markets and impartial governance.' Sheilagh Ogilvie, University of Cambridge `This analysis of the historical process underlying the modern state formation is a fantastic scholarly accomplishment. The implications for the present, in terms of the risks associated to the loss of the core liberal values of modern western states, will not be lost to the careful reader.' Alberto Bisin, New York University


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