Winner of The Alexander Nove Prize 2018 The nomads of Central Asia were already well accustomed to life under the power of a distant capital when the Bolsheviks fomented revolution on the streets of Petrograd. Yet after the fall of the Tsar, the nature, ambition and potency of that power would change dramatically, ultimately resulting in the near eradication of Central Asian nomadism.
Based on extensive primary source work in Almaty, Bishkek and Moscow, Nomads and Soviet Rule charts the development of this volatile and brutal relationship and challenges the often repeated view that events followed a linear path of gradually escalating violence. Rather than the sedentarisation campaign being an inevitability born of deep-rooted Marxist hatred of the nomadic lifestyle, Thomas demonstrates the Soviet state's treatment of nomads to be far more complex and pragmatic. He shows how Soviet policy was informed by both an anti-colonial spirit and an imperialist impulse, by nationalism as well as communism, and above all by a lethal self-confidence in the Communist Party's ability to transform the lives of nomads and harness the agricultural potential of their landscape.
This is the first book to look closely at the period between the revolution and the collectivisation drive, and offers fresh insight into a little-known aspect of early Soviet history. In doing so, the book offers a path to refining conceptions of the broader history and dynamics of the Soviet project in this key period.
Alun Thomas (Staffordshire University UK)
Country of Publication:
Series: Library of Modern Russia
19 September 2019
1. Introduction 2. Perceptions of Nomadism 3. The Politics of Land Use 4. Territory and Jurisdiction 5. Taxing Nomads 6. Social Policies in the Nomadic Aul (Community) 7. Sedentarisation 8. Conclusion
Alun Thomas is Lecturer in Modern History at Staffordshire University, UK. He received his PhD from the University of Sheffield, UK, and has written in peer-reviewed journals and delivered papers internationally on the complex relationship between the nomadic communities of Central Asia and the nascent Soviet state.
Reviews for Nomads and Soviet Rule: Central Asia under Lenin and Stalin
An impressive array of materials from the archives ... Dense with details ... Summing Up: Recommended. * V. Clement, Marine Corps University, CHOICE *
- Winner of The Alexander Nove Prize 2020
- Winner of The Alexander Nove Prize 2020 (UK)