Written by three of the top professionals in the turfgrass field, Managing Turfgrass Pests, Second Edition brings together hundreds of solutions and best practices to help you manage turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects more effectively. Since the publication of the bestselling first edition, advances in pest-resistant turfgrass cultivars and pest control products have led to significant changes in the ways pests are managed. This revised and updated second edition reinforces those management tactics that are still relevant and covers new approaches that have been introduced since the first edition.
The book discusses the concept of integrated pest management, incorporating cultural, biological, and chemical control measures. In particular, the authors emphasize the philosophy of minimizing pests through well-defined and well-implemented cultural systems. Rather than simply relying on a pesticide solution for control, they explain how to fine-tune cultural practices to better address the question of why the pest is present in the first place. Once these cultural practices are in place, any pesticide that is still required will be much more effective at controlling the pest.
New in This Edition Revised and updated descriptions of economically important turfgrass pests Revised and updated cultural approaches to turfgrass pest management Revised and updated biological methods of turfgrass pest management Revised and updated chemical control of turfgrass pests More than 200 new color illustrations Packed with photographs, this full-color book provides updated information on best practices and control measures for turfgrass pest management. It also explains how to integrate various management strategies to ensure quality and functional turf. Throughout, the authors offer practical recommendations to help you optimize the competitiveness of your turfgrass against the pests that inevitably become part of any ecosystem.
Weeds and Their Management Introduction Managing Turfgrass Weeds Weeds as Indicators Natural Reasons for Voids Management Reasons for Voids Steps in Weed Control Strategy Managing Summer Annual Grasses Crabgrass Goosegrass Foxtail Barnyardgrass Fall Panicum Dallisgrass Managing Winter Annual Grasses Poa annua Managing Perennial Grasses and Sedges Creeping Bentgrass Tall Fescue Orchardgrass Quackgrass Rough Bluegrass Nimblewill Bermudagrass Zoysiagrass Nutsedge Managing Summer Annual Broadleaf Weeds Oxalis Knotweed Prostrate Spurge Purslane Lambsquarters Puncturevine Carpetweed Florida Pusley Managing Winter Annual Broadleaf Weeds Common Chickweed Henbit Shepherd's Purse Corn Speedwell Bedstraw Managing Biennials Yellow Rocket Wild Carrot Black Medic Managing Perennial Broadleaf Weeds Wild Garlic Dandelion White Clover Common Plantain Buckhorn Plantain Mouse-Ear Chickweed Ground Ivy Sheep Sorrel Canada Thistle Chicory Curly Dock Bull Thistle Heal All Ox-Eye Daisy Hawkweed Thyme-Leaf Speedwell Creeping Speedwell Wild Violet Stitchwort Cinquefoil Yarrow Moss Betony English Daisy Oxalis Dollar Weed Weed Management: Integrated Pest Management Chemical Control Recommendations Further Reading Turfgrass Diseases and Their Management Introduction Monitoring Disease and Establishing Thresholds Monitoring Thresholds Environmental Conditions and Use of Cultural Practices to Manage Diseases Biological Control of Turfgrass Diseases Winter and Early Spring Diseases Microdochium Patch (aka Pink Snow Mold or Fusarium Patch) Pythium Snow Blight Typhula Blight or Gray Snow Mold Yellow Patch or Cool-Temperature Brown Patch Diseases Initiated in Autumn or Spring That May Persist Into Summer Anthracnose Ascochyta and Leptosphaerulina Leaf Blights Brown Ring Patch or Waitea Patch Dollar Spot Large Patch Leaf Spot, Melting-Out, and Net-Blotch (Formerly Helminthosporium Diseases) Necrotic Ring Spot Powdery Mildew Pythium-Induced Root Dysfunction Rapid Blight Red Thread and Pink Patch Spring Dead Spot Stripe Smut and Flag Smut Take-All Patch Yellow Tuft or Downy Mildew Diseases Initiated During Summer That May Persist Into Autumn Brown Patch and Leaf and Sheath Spot Copper Spot Dead Spot Fairy Ring Gray Leaf Spot Leaf Spot, Melting-Out, Net-Blotch, and Red Leaf Spot Localized Dry Spot Pythium Blight Root Decline of Warm-Season Grasses Rust Slime Mold Southern Blight or Sclerotium Blight Summer Patch Superficial Fairy Ring White Blight or Melanotus White Patch Yellow Ring Seedling Diseases or Damping-Off Bacterial Diseases Bacterial Wilt Bacterial Decline Plant Parasitic Nematodes Virus Diseases St. Augustine Decline and Centipede Mosaic Blue-Green Algae, Moss, and Black-Layer Blue-Green Algae (aka Cyanobacteria) Moss Black-Layer Collecting and Sending Diseased Samples to a Lab Parasitic Nematode Assay Fungicides Used to Control Turfgrass Diseases Professional Fungicide Use Considerations Types of Fungicides Nontarget Effects of Fungicides Fungicide Application Acknowledgments Bibliography Turfgrass Insect and Mite Management Goal of Insect and Mite Management Pest Management Process Pest Identification Insects and Mites Associated with Turf: An Introduction Classes of Arthropods Pest Life Cycles Insect Metamorphosis Mite Life Cycles Zones of Activity (Turf, a Unique Habitat) Monitoring Tools and Strategies for Timing of Controls Selecting Appropriate Controls Pest Management versus Pest Eradication Integrated Pest Management Monitoring in IPM Control Options Cultural Controls Biological Controls Chemical Controls Insecticide Groups: Chemical Categories and Modes of Action Using Pesticides to Manage Insects and Mites in Turf Insecticide/Miticide Affects on Nontarget Animals Equipment for Making Insecticide/Miticide Applications Leaf- and Stem-Infesting Insect and Mite Pests Bermudagrass Mite Clover Mite Banks Grass Mite Winter Grain Mite Greenbug Sod Webworms (= Lawn Moths): Introduction Bluegrass Webworm Larger Sod Webworm Western Lawn Moth Tropical Sod Webworm Grass Webworm Cutworms and Armyworms: Introduction Black Cutworm Bronzed Cutworm Armyworm Fall Armyworm Lawn Armyworm Other Turf-Infesting Caterpillars Striped Grassworms (=Grass Loopers) Fiery Skipper Stem- and Thatch-Infesting Insect and Mite Pests Chinch Bugs Hairy Chinch Bug (and Common Chinch Bug) Southern Chinch Bug Insecticides and Application Twolined Spittlebug Rhodesgrass Mealybug (=Rhodesgrass Scale) Bermudagrass Scale Billbugs: Introduction Bluegrass Billbug Hunting Billbug Annual Bluegrass Weevil (=Hyperodes Weevil) Cranberry Girdler Burrowing Sod Webworms European Crane Fly, Common (or Marsh) Crane Fly, or Leatherjackets Frit Fly Soil-Inhabiting (e.g., Thatch- and Root-Infesting) Insects White Grubs: Introduction Maximizing Control of White Grubs with Insecticides Black Turfgrass Ataenius Asiatic Garden Beetle European Chafer Green June Beetle Japanese Beetle Northern Masked Chafer Southern Masked Chafer Oriental Beetle Sugarcane Beetle and Sugarcane Grub May and June Beetles, Phyllophaga Mole Crickets: Introduction Monitoring Spring Adults Sampling for Summer Nymphs Tawny Mole Cricket Southern Mole Cricket Short-Winged Mole Cricket Ground Pearls Nuisance Invertebrate, Insect, and Mite Pests Earthworms Slugs and Snail Spiders and Tarantulas Chiggers Ticks Sowbugs and Pillbugs (Isopods) Centipedes Millipedes Earwigs Bigeyed Bugs Leafhoppers Ground Beetles Rove Beetles Fleas March Flies (Bibionids) Ants: General Fire Ants Cicada Killer Nuisance Vertebrate Pests Common Grackle Starling Moles Pocket Gophers Skunks and Civet Cats Raccoon Ninebanded Armadillo Further Reading Index
Dr. Thomas L. Watschke is presently professor emeritus of turfgrass science at the Pennsylvania State University, where he was on the faculty for 35 years. Dr. Watschke has been honored nationally by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America and the American Sod Producers Association, Division C-5 (ASA, CSSA) Grau Award, and has been accorded fellow status by both the Crop Science Society of America and the American Society of Agronomy. He is recognized throughout the world for his teaching and research accomplishments in weed science, plant growth regulation, and water quality. He has made presentations in France, Australia, Spain, England, Scotland, and Canada and is active in the International Turfgrass Society. Dr. Peter H. Dernoeden is a professor of turfgrass science in the Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture at the University of Maryland. Dr. Dernoeden has published more than 100 scientific journal articles and several books, including Creeping Bentgrass Management, Second Edition. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Agronomy and the Crop Science Society of America (CSSA). He received the Fred V. Grau Turfgrass Science Award from the Turfgrass Science Division of CSSA. He was also the recipient of The Dean Gordon Cairns Award for Distinguished Creative Work in Agriculture from the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Maryland. In 2012, he received the Colonel John Morley Distinguished Service Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America. Dr. David J. Shetlar is a professor of urban landscape entomology at The Ohio State University. Dr. Shetlar has authored and coauthored numerous trade magazine articles, research journal articles, books and book chapters, and extension factsheets and bulletins. Dr. Shetlar, who goes by the professional nickname of the BugDoc, produces the popular P.E.S.T. Newsletter in association with the Ohio Nursery and Landscape Association. He was one of the recipients of an Annual Leadership Award presented by Lawn and Landscape and Bayer in 2005. He also received the Educator & Public Service Award from the Ohio Nursery and Landscape Association in 2010.
Reviews for Managing Turfgrass Pests
Drs. Watschke, Dernoeden, and Shetlar are considered the `three tenors' of turfgrass pest management; this second edition combines their unmatched expertise in the biology and management of turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects. The up-to-date information presented in this second edition translates fundamental turfgrass science research into applicable turfgrass management solutions. This second edition of Managing Turfgrass Pests should be in a reachable location on the shelf of every turfgrass and green industry practitioner. -Michael Fidanza, Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University This text provides current information on the management of weeds, diseases, and insects. In each section, the authors introduce key concepts (e.g., understanding the conditions favorable to the pest and monitoring techniques). A brief description of each pest is included, including the life cycle. One of the strengths of the book is that the authors then provide several concise suggestions for managing the pest, encouraging the incorporation of appropriate cultural strategies that may enable the turf to withstand some pest pressure. ... [This book] should be considered a valuable addition to any turf manager's reference library. -Patricia Vittum, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts Praise for the Previous Edition As an educator, I found the book to be useful because it pulls together the three major areas of turfgrass pest management into a single source. There are many individual texts available on turfgrass weeds, diseases, and insects, but their combined cost makes them impractical for a survey course that covers all three areas. The book also would make a useful addition to the personal libraries of turfgrass professionals and should find a ready audience in the golf course and lawn care industries. -HortScience, Vol. 30, No. 7, December 1995 This is one of the few books I have come across that incorporates in the one volume the three sections of turfgrass pests-weeds, insects and diseases. -D. Howard, New Zealand Turf Culture Institute