Since the second edition of Liquid-Vapor Phase-Change Phenomena was written, research has substantially enhanced the understanding of the effects of nanostructured surfaces, effects of microchannel and nanochannel geometries, and effects of extreme wetting on liquid-vapor phase-change processes. To cover advances in these areas, the new third edition includes significant new coverage of microchannels and nanostructures, and numerous other updates. More worked examples and numerous new problems have been added, and a complete solution manual and electronic figures for classroom projection will be available for qualified adopting professors.
Van P. Carey (University of California Berkeley USA)
Country of Publication:
3rd New edition
11 March 2020
Professional and scholarly
A / AS level
Further / Higher Education
Preface Nomenclature Introductory Remarks PART 1: THERMODYNAMIC AND MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA AND PHASE TRANSITIONS 1 The Liquid-Vapor Interfacial Region - A Nanoscale Perspective 1.1 A Molecular Perspective on Liquid-Vapor Transitions 1.2 The Interfacial Region - Molecular Theories of Capillarity 1.3 Nanoscale Features of the Interfacial Region 1.4 Molecular Dynamic Simulation Studies of Interfacial Region Thermophysics References Problems 2 The Liquid-Vapor Interface - A Macroscopic Treatment 2.1 Thermodynamic Analysis of Interfacial Tension Effects 2.2 Determination of Interface Shapes at Equilibrium 2.3 Temperature and Surfactant Effects on Interfacial Tension 2.4 Surface Tension in Mixtures 2.5 Near Critical Point Behavior 2.6 Effects of Interfacial Tension Gradients References Problems 3 Wetting Phenomena and Contact Angles 3.1 Equilibrium Contact Angles on Smooth Surfaces 3.2 Wettability, Cohesion, and Adhesion 3.3 The Effect of Liquid Surface Tension on Contact Angle 3.4 Adsorption and Spread Thin Films 3.5 Contact-Angle Hysteresis 3.6 Other Metrics for Wettability 3.7 A Nanoscale View of Wettability 3.8 Wetting of Microstructured and Nanostructured Surfaces References Problems 4 Transport Effects and Dynamic Behavior of Interfaces 4.1 Transport Boundary Conditions 4.2 Kelvin-Helmholtz and Rayleigh-Taylor Instabilities 4.3 Interface Stability of Liquid Jets 4.4 Waves on Liquid Films 4.5 Interfacial Resistance in Vaporization and Condensation Processes 4.6 Maximum Flux Limitations References Problems 5 Phase Stability and Homogeneous Nucleation 5.1 Metastable States and Phase Stability 5.2 Thermodynamic Aspects of Homogeneous Nucleation in Superheated Liquid 5.3 The Kinetic Limit of Superheat 5.4 Comparison of Theoretical and Measured Superheat Limits 5.5 Thermodynamic Aspects of Homogeneous Nucleation in Supercooled Vapor 5.6 The Kinetic Limit of Supersaturation 5.7 Wall Interaction Effects on Homogeneous Nucleation References Problems PART 2: BOILING AND CONDENSATION NEAR IMMERSED BODIES 6 Heterogeneous Nucleation and Bubble Growth in Liquids 6.1 Heterogeneous Nucleation at a Smooth Interface 6.2 Nucleation from Entrapped Gas or Vapor in Cavities 6.3 Criteria for the Onset of Nucleate Boiling 6.4 Bubble Growth in an Extensive Liquid Pool 6.5 Bubble Growth Near Heated Surfaces 6.6 Bubble Departure Diameter and the Frequency of Bubble Release References Problems 7 Pool Boiling 7.1 Regimes of Pool Boiling 7.2 Mechanisms and Models of Transport During Nucleate Boiling 7.3 Correlation of Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer Data 7.4 Limitations of Nucleate Boiling Processes and the Maximum Heat Flux Transition 7.5 Minimum Heat Flux Conditions 7.6 Film Boiling 7.7 Transition Boiling References Problems 8 Other Aspects of Boiling and Evaporation in an Extensive Ambient 8.1 Additional Parametric Effects on Pool Boiling 8.2 The Leidenfrost Phenomenon 8.3 Fluid-Wall Interactions and Disjoining Pressure Effects 8.4 Pool Boiling Heat Transfer On Micro and Nano Structured Surfaces 8.5 Fundamentals of Pool Boiling in Binary Mixtures References Problems 9 External Condensation 9.1 Heterogeneous Nucleation in Vapors 9.2 Dropwise Condensation 9.3 Film Condensation on a Flat, Vertical Surface 9.4 Film Condensation on Cylinders and Axisymmetric Bodies 9.5 Effects of Vapor Motion and Interfacial Waves 9.6 Condensation in the Presence of a Noncondensable Gas 9.7 Enhancement of Condensation Heat Transfer References Problems PART 3: INTERNAL FLOW CONVECTIVE BOILING AND CONDENSATION 10 Introduction to Two-Phase Flow 10.1 Two-Phase Flow Regimes 10.2 Basic Models and Governing Equations for One-Dimensional Two-Phase Flow 10.3 Determination of the Two-Phase Multiplier and Void Fraction 10.4 Analytical Models of Annular Flow 10.5 Effects of Flow Passage Size and Geometry References Problems 11 Internal Convective Condensation 11.1 Regimes of Convective Condensation in Conventional (Macro) Tubes 11.2 Analytical Modeling of Downflow Internal Convective Condensation 11.3 Correlation Methods for Convective Condensation Heat Transfer 11.4 Convective Condensation in Microchannels, Advanced Modeling, and Special Topics 11.5 Internal Convective Condensation of Binary Mixtures References Problems 12 Convective Boiling in Tubes and Channels 12.1 Regimes of Convective Boiling in Conventional (Macro) Tubes 12.2 Onset of Boiling in Internal Flows 12.3 Subcooled Flow Boiling 12.4 Saturated Flow Boiling 12.5 Critical Heat Flux Conditions for Internal Flow Boiling 12.6 Post-CHF Internal Flow Boiling 12.7 Internal Flow Boiling in Microchannels and Complex Enhanced Flow Passages 12.9 Internal Flow Boiling of Binary Mixtures References Problems Appendix I Basic Elements of the Kinetic Theory of Gases Appendix II Saturation Properties of Selected Fluids Appendix III Analysis Details for the Molecular Theory of Capillarity Index
Van P. Carey is a Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department, and holds the A. Richard Newton Chair in Engineering at the University of California at Berkeley. Carey is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and he has served as Chair of the Heat Transfer Division of ASME. Carey has received the James Harry Potter Gold Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2004) for eminent achievement in thermodynamics, the Heat Transfer Memorial Award in the Science category (2007) from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is also a three-time recipient of the Hewlett Packard Research Innovation Award for his research on electronics thermal management and energy efficiency (2008, 2009, 2010), and Carey received the 2014 Thermophysics Award from the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.