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How History Gets Things Wrong: The Neuroscience of Our Addiction to Stories

Alex Rosenberg

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Massachusetts Inst of Tec
15 July 2019
History; History: theory & methods; Psychology; Neurosciences
Why we learn the wrong things from narrative history, and how our love for stories is hard-wired.

To understand something, you need to know its history. Right? Wrong, says Alex Rosenberg in How History Gets Things Wrong. Feeling especially well-informed after reading a book of popular history on the best-seller list? Don't. Narrative history is always, always wrong. It's not just incomplete or inaccurate but deeply wrong, as wrong as Ptolemaic astronomy. We no longer believe that the earth is the center of the universe. Why do we still believe in historical narrative? Our attachment to history as a vehicle for understanding has a long Darwinian pedigree and a genetic basis. Our love of stories is hard-wired. Neuroscience reveals that human evolution shaped a tool useful for survival into a defective theory of human nature.

Stories historians tell, Rosenberg continues, are not only wrong but harmful. Israel and Palestine, for example, have dueling narratives of dispossession that prevent one side from compromising with the other. Henry Kissinger applied lessons drawn from the Congress of Vienna to American foreign policy with disastrous results. Human evolution improved primate mind reading-the ability to anticipate the behavior of others, whether predators, prey, or cooperators-to get us to the top of the African food chain. Now, however, this hard-wired capacity makes us think we can understand history-what the Kaiser was thinking in 1914, why Hitler declared war on the United States-by uncovering the narratives of what happened and why. In fact, Rosenberg argues, we will only understand history if we don't make it into a story.
By:   Alex Rosenberg
Imprint:   Massachusetts Inst of Tec
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 229mm,  Width: 152mm,  Spine: 19mm
ISBN:   9780262537995
ISBN 10:   0262537990
Series:   The MIT Press
Publication Date:   15 July 2019
Audience:   General/trade ,  ELT Advanced
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Unspecified

Reviews for How History Gets Things Wrong: The Neuroscience of Our Addiction to Stories

Rosenberg's thought-provoking book is to be praised for persuasively articulating the challenge of making sense of our cognitive practices once we have given up the idea of original representational contents. -Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews Alex Rosenberg, a professor of philosophy at Duke University, has written a thought provoking and intellectually unsettling book. -Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective Rosenberg has written a fascinating and challenging book, one that every historian should read and take into account. -Choice His patient frustration at humanity's persistent wrong-headedness nicely seasons well-judged chapters that carefully guide the non-scientist through a history - there is no other word for it - of 20th-century neurological discoveries that prove his point. -TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION


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