The fourth edition of Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century presents an innovative comparison of the origins, development, and demise of the three forms of totalitarianism that emerged in twentieth-century Europe.
Represents the only book that systematically compares all three infamous dictators of the twentieth century Provides the latest scholarship on the wartime goals of Hitler and Stalin as well as new information on the disintegration of the Soviet empire Compares the early lives of Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini, their ideologies, rise to and consolidation of power, and the organization and workings of their dictatorships Features topics organized by themes rather than strictly chronologically Includes a wealth of visual material to support the text, as well as a thorough Bibliographical Essay compiled by the author
Bruce F. Pauley
John Wiley & Sons Inc
Country of Publication:
4th Revised edition
05 September 2014
Professional and scholarly
List of Maps x List of Plates xi Preface xiii 1 The Ideological Foundations 1 Definitions of Totalitarianism 1 Marxism - Leninism - Stalinism 4 Fascism and Nazism 6 2 The Seizure of Power 12 Russia on the Eve of Revolution 13 The Establishment of the Soviet Dictatorship 16 The Failure of Liberal Italy 22 The Birth and Triumph of Fascism 26 Germany and the Impact of World War I 32 The Weimar Republic and the Rise of the Nazi Movement 38 The Great Depression and the Nazi Takeover 44 3 Personalities and Policies of the Dictators 51 Stalin's Youth and Early Career 52 Stalin the Demigod 55 Mussolini: The Young Socialist 58 The Duce: Strengths and Weaknesses 63 The Young Hitler 65 Hitler: The Chaotic Dictator 69 Hitler's Private Life and Relations with Women 73 4 Totalitarian Economies 77 The End of the New Economic Policy 78 Stalin's War against the Peasants 80 The First Five-Year Plan and Industrialization 86 The Fascist Economy 89 The Economy of National Socialist Germany 94 5 Propaganda, Culture, and Education 102 The Limitations of Propaganda 103 Soviet Propaganda 105 Fascist Propaganda 107 Nazi Propaganda 109 Totalitarian Culture 114 Soviet Education 122 Education in the Fascist States 125 Youth Groups 128 6 Family Values and Health 134 The Conservative Trend in Values 135 Soviet Women: The Mixed Blessings of Emancipation 136 Fascist Italy: The Failure of Antifeminism 140 Women in Nazi Germany: Kinder, Kirche, und Kuche? 144 Health and Eugenics in Nazi Germany 150 Religion: The Basic Incompatibility 153 7 Totalitarian Terror 162 The Great Purges in the Soviet Union 163 Terror and Persecution in the Fascist States 172 The Persecution of Jews 174 8 The Era of Traditional Diplomacy and War, 1933-1941 187 Hitler's Foreign Policy Strategy 188 Hitler as Peace Lover, 1933-1935 193 From Ethiopia to Spain: Fascist Italy at War 195 Austria and Czechoslovakia: Hitler's First Conquests 200 The Approach of War 206 The Blitzkrieg Campaigns 210 The Italian Intervention 216 9 Total War, 1941-1945 223 Hitler Turns East 226 Stalin's Preparations for War 229 The Russian Campaign in 1941 235 Hitler and the Untermenschen 238 Hitler and Stalin as War Lords 242 The Fall of Fascism 249 The German Home Front 253 The War in the West 256 The End of the Third Reich 260 10 The Collapse of Soviet Totalitarianism 266 Stalin's Last Years, 1945-1953 267 The Khrushchev Era 271 Reaction and Reform: From Brezhnev to Gorbachev 275 Problems of the Soviet Economy and Society 279 Soviet Women in the Last Years of the Regime 282 Soviet Society in the 1980s: The Balance Sheet 285 The Revolt of the Satellites and the Disintegration of the Soviet Union 286 The End of Soviet Totalitarianism 289 11 Lessons and Prospects 292 The Triumph of Dogmatism 294 The Structural Flaws of Totalitarianism 295 The Totalitarian Legacy 300 Bibliographical Essay 308 Index 338
Bruce F. Pauley, Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Central Florida, is the author of six books on Nazism, anti-Semitism, totalitarianism, and the two world wars, as well as his autobiography, Pioneering History on Two Continents (2014).
Reviews for Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century
Crisply written and authoritative, Bruce Pauley?s updated edition of this classic text offers students an invaluable comparative account of the three great dictatorships of earlier twentieth century Europe. He takes his readers through the main historical debates while providing considered guidance to the wider literature. -Professor Conan Fischer, University of St Andrews, Scotland In this new edition of his classic text, Bruce Pauley puts the dominant figures of the horrific first half of twentieth-century Europe into a comparative perspective. Whoever wishes to understand totalitarianism and dictatorship must turn to Pauley?s book. One of the leading experts of European history, he provides his readers with magnificent portraits of the persons responsible for Europe?s darkest period. -Anton Pelinka, Professor of Nationalism Studies and Political Science, Central European University, Budapest