Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 128. In the summer of 1963, when a group of Japanese scientists arrived at the aged building of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, run by the U.S. Geological Survey, there began a program of cooperation and friendship between American and Japanese volcanologists that continues to the present. The late Professor Takeshi Minakami, a top volcano-physicist long involved in research at various volcanoes, including Asama, then the most active volcano in Japan, led the Japanese group. The time coincided with a changeover in Hawaii, from the pioneering volcanologic studies of Harold Stearns, Gordon Macdonald, and Jerry Eaton to more comprehensive research by younger volcanologists. The Japanese team was also fortunate enough to witness a rift zone eruption at Kilauea volcano (Alae eruption, July 1963), a direct, eye-opening encounter with a volcano plumbing system in action.
Preface Shigeo Aramaki and Hajimu Kinoshita vii Section 1 Progress in Deep Underwater Geology Around Hawaii Introduction to Section 1 Jiro Naka 1 Deepwater Multibeam Sonar Surveys Along the Southeastern Hawaii Ridge: Guide to the CD-ROM John R. Smith, Kenji Satake, and Kiyoshi Suyehiro 3 Submarine Landslides and Volcanic Features on Kohala and Mauna Kea Volcanoes and the Hana Ridge, Hawaii John R. Smith, Kenji Satake, Julia K. Morgan, and Peter W. Lipman 11 Deep-Sea Volcaniclastic Sedimentation Around the Southern Flank of Hawaii Jiro Naka, Toshiya Kanamatsu, Peter W. Lipman, Thomas W. Sisson, Nohiro Tsuboyama, Julia K. Morgan, John R. Smith, and Tadahide Ui 29 Magnetostratigraphy of Deep-Sea Sediments From Piston Cores Adjacent to the Hawaiian Islands: Implication for Ages of Turbidites Derived From Submarine Landslides Toshiya Kanamatsu, Emilio Herrero-Bervera, and Gary M. McMurtry 51 Eruption Style and Flow Emplacement in the Submarine North Arch Volcanic Field, Hawaii David A. Clague, Kozo Uto, Kenji Satake, and Alice 5. Davis 65 Emplacement and Inflation Structures of Submarine and Subaerial Pahoehoe Lavas From Hawaii Susumu Umino, Sumie Obata, Peter W. Lipman, John R. Smith, Tsugio Shibata, Jiro Naka, and Frank Trusdell 85 Section 2 Climax Stage Magmatism: Growth History of Kilauea Volcano and Its Instability Introduction to Section 2 Peter W. Lipman 103 Structural Variability Along the Submarine South Flank of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, From a Multichannel Seismic Reflection Survey Denise J. Hills, Julia K. Morgan, Gregory F. Moore, and Stephen C. Leslie 105 Volcanic Morphology of the Submarine Puna Ridge, Kilauea Volcano Deborah K. Smith, Laura S. L. Kong, Kevin T M. Johnson, and Jennifer R. Reynolds 125 Petrological Systematics of Submarine Basalt Glasses From the Puna Ridge, Hawaii: Implications for Rift Zone Plumbing and Magmatic Processes Kevin T. M. Johnson, Jennifer R. Reynolds, Denys Vonderhaar, Deborah K. Smith, and Laura S. L. Kong 143 Ancestral Submarine Growth of Kilauea Volcano and Instability of Its South Flank Peter W. Lipman, Thomas W. Sisson, Tadahide Ui, Jiro Naka, and John R. Smith 161 Submarine Alkalic Through Tholeiitic Shield-Stage Development of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Thomas W. Sisson, Peter W. Lipman, and Jiro Naka 193 Section 3 Giant Landslides in the Northeast of Oahu: When, Why and How? Introduction to Section 3 Michael Garcia 221 Mapping of the Nuuanu and Wailau Landslides in Hawaii James G. Moore and David A. Clague 223 Landslides on the Windward Flanks of Oahu and Molokai, Hawaii: SHINKAI 6500 Submersible Investigation Hisayoshi Yokose 245 Major Element Geochemistry of Glasses in Turbidites as Source Indicators: Implications for the Nuuanu and Wailau Giant Submarine Landslides S. B. Sherman, M. O. Garcia, and E. Takahashi 263 Volcanic Breccia and Hyaloclastite in Blocks From the Nuuanu and Wailau Landslides, Hawaii David A. Clague, James G. Moore, and Alice S. Davis 279 Geochemical and Petrological Characteristics of Nuuanu and Wailau Landslide Blocks Ken Shinozaki, Zhong-Yuan Ren, and Eiichi Takahashi 297 Geochemical Evolution of Koolau Volcano, Hawaii Ryoji Tanaka, Eizo Nakamura, and Eiichi Takahashi 311 Three-Dimensional Reconstruction and Tsunami Model of the Nuuanu and Wailau Giant Landslides, Hawaii Kenji Satake, John R. Smith, and Ken Shinozaki 333 Section 4 The Hawaiian Plume and Magma Genesis Introduction to Section 4 Eiichi Takahashi 347 Seismic Images of Hot Spots and Mantle Plumes Dapeng Zhao, Fumiko Ochi, and Eiichi Takahashi 349 Heat-Flow Variations Over Hawaiian Swell Controlled by Near-Surface Processes, not Plume Properties Marcia K McNutt 365 Noble Gas Systematics of the Hawaiian Volcanoes Based on the Analysis of Loihi, Kilauea and Koolau Submarine Rocks Ichiro Kaneoka, Takeshi Hanyu, Junji Yamamoto, and Yayoi N. Miura 373 Submarine Picritic Basalts from Koolau Volcano, Hawaii: Implications for Parental Magma Compositions and Mantle Source Michael O. Garcia 391 Melting Process in the Hawaiian Plume: An Experimental Study Eiichi Takahashi and Katsuji Nakajima 403
Eiichi Takahashi and Peter W. Lipman are the authors of Hawaiian Volcanoes: Deep Underwater Perspectives, published by Wiley.