This volume explores the implementation of key gender policies in international peace and security, following the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 1325 in October 2000, the first thematic resolution on Women, Peace and Security.
How should we understand women's participation in peace processes and in peace operations? And what forms of gendered security dynamics are present in armed conflict and international interventions? These questions represent central themes of protection and participation that the international community has to address in order to implement UNSCR 1325. Thus far, the implementation has often employed varying approaches related to gender mainstreaming, a third theme of the resolution. Yet, there is a dearth of systematic data which until recently has restricted the ability of researchers to evaluate the progress in implementation and impact of UNSCR 1325.
By engaging with both empirics and critical theory, the authors of this edited volume make important contributions to the gender, peace and security agenda. They identify some of the problems of implementing UNSC 1325 and offer a sobering assessment of progress of implementation and insights into how to advance our understanding through systematic research. Many of the chapters are focused on operational aspects of UNSCR 1325, but all also engage with the theoretical underpinnings of UNSCR 1325 to bring forth central debates on more fundamental challenges to the development of knowledge in the fields of gender, peace and security.
This book will be of much interest to students of gender studies, peace and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.
Introduction: An introduction to Resolution 1325: measuring progress and impact, Louise Olsson and Theodora-Ismene Gizelis PART I: Participation 1. Women's participation and peace? The decline of armed conflict in East Asia, Erik Melander and Elin Bjarnegard 2. Women's participation in international operations and missions, Louise Olsson, Anita Schjolset and Frida Moeller 3. Female peacekeepers and gender balancing: Token gestures or informed policymaking? Kyle Beardsley and Sabrina Karim PART II: Protection 4. Understanding protection: Actors, victims, and power Jana Krause 5. War and gender inequalities in health, Henrik Urdal and Chi Primus Che 6. Assessing sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers, Ragnhild Nordas and Siri Rustad PART III: Gender Mainstreaming 7. Exploring gender mainstreaming in security and development, Theodora-Ismene Gizelis and Jana Krause 8. (En)gendered security? Gender mainstreaming and women's inclusion in peace processes, Kara Ellerby 9. Gender mainstreaming unravelled: The case of DDRR in Liberia, Helen Basini Postscript: Challenges and opportunities for forwarding gender, peace, and security, Edward Newman and Karl DeRouen
Theodora-Ismene Gizelis is a Professor in the Department of Government at the University of Essex and author of Globalization, Integration, and the Future of European Welfare States (2010) Louise Olsson is Head of the UNSCR 1325 Program at the Folke Bernadotte Academy, Stockholm, Sweden and is author of Gender Equality and United Nations Peace Operations in Timor-Leste (2009).