This reference, now in its second edition, is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, as well as any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that are used to successfully survey, map, recover, document, collect, and transport evidence. New additions to the reference include discussion questions and suggested readings, updated mapping and measuring techniques, including a section on GIS and backpack differential GPS systems, expanded information on botany, DNA, and soil, and non-forensic burial contexts. Almost 200 illustrations are included to help clarify concepts.
Tosha L. Dupras (University of Central Florida Orlando USA)
, John J. Schultz (University of Central Florida
, Sandra M. Wheeler (University of Central Florida
, Lana J Williams (PhD
, Department of Psychological Sciences
, Purdue University)
CRC Press Inc
Country of Publication:
2nd New edition
27 October 2011
Professional and scholarly
Introduction to Forensic Archaeology Anthropology in the Medicolegal Process What Do Forensic Anthropologists Do? What Do Forensic Archaeologists Do? Locating and Eliminating Areas of Interest Interpreting Scene Context Mapping the Scene Excavation of Remains Collecting Remains and Evidence Education and Training Employment in Academic and Nonacademic Settings Locating a Forensic Anthropologist or Forensic Archaeologist Tools and Equipment Search and Site Preparation Equipment Field Excavation Equipment Mapping and Measuring Equipment Drawing and Recording Equipment Optional Equipment Caring for Your Equipment Basic Field Equipment Checklist Human Skeletal Terminology Terms Associated with Bone Morphology Terms Associated with Bone Features Anatomical or Relative Position Basic Adult Human Skeleton Basic Juvenile Human Skeleton Basic Human Dentition Terms Associated with Dental Morphology and Position Dental Numbering Systems Understanding the Forensic Context Defining a Forensic Context Indications of a Forensic Context Location of Remains Position and Orientation of the Body Preservation of the Remains Associated Artifacts and Evidence Common Non-Forensic Contexts Prehistoric Finds Historic and Modern Cemetery Settings Ritualistic or Anatomical Use of Remains Search Techniques for Locating Human Remains Types of Search Areas Planning the Search Visual Foot Searches Strip or Line Pattern Grid Pattern Spiral Pattern Other Recommendations for Visual Searches Briefing Team Members Prior to Search Indications of Surface Deposit of Remains Common Taphonomic Processes of Dispersal Dispersed Remains Indications of Burial of Remains Cadaver Dogs What Is a Cadaver Dog? Limitation of Cadaver Dogs Locating a Cadaver Dog Intrusive Search Methods Probe Searches Shovel Testing and Shovel Shining Heavy Equipment Searches Methods of Geophysical Survey Ground-Penetrating Radar Electromagnetic Induction Meters Electrical Resistivity Meters Magnetometers Magnetic Locators Metal Detectors Side-Scan Sonar Locating a Geophysical Survey Consultant Surveying and Mapping Methods Units of Measure Using Maps Using the Global Positioning System Using Aerial Imagery Creating Sketch Maps Creating a Site Plan Datums, Baselines, and Offsets Transit Survey Systems Compass Survey Maps Creating Scaled Drawings Establishing Limits and Using the Datum Frameworks for Drawing to Scale Section Drawings from Mapped Data Mapping on a Slope Applying Archaeological Methods in a Forensic Context General Principles of Archaeology Provenience and Context Features Stratigraphy and Soils Principles of Deposition Geotaphonomy Archaeological Approaches to Recovering Human Remains Recovering Surface Remains and Associated Evidence Removing Buried Remains and Associated Evidence How to Use an Archaeological Trowel Collecting Botanical and Entomological Evidence Forensic Botany Sources of Botanical Evidence Collecting and Preserving Botanical Evidence Locating a Forensic Botanist Forensic Entomology Insect Life Cycle Insects Significant to the Recovery of Human Remains Collecting and Preserving Entomological Evidence Locating a Forensic Entomologist Basic Entomology Collection Kit Checklist Collecting Skeletal Remains Human Skeletal Remains Collecting Human Skeletal Remains Collecting Juvenile Skeletal Remains Collecting Fleshed Remains Collecting Burnt Remains Collecting Evidence of Surgical or Dental Modifications Nonhuman Skeletal Remains The Nonhuman Mammal Skeleton The Avian Skeleton The Reptilian Skeleton The Amphibian Skeleton The Fish Skeleton Common Misidentifications of Human and Nonhuman Bone Writing the Final Report Report Contents Beginning Information Case Summary Participants Scene Information Search Summary Surface Deposit Excavation Summary Remains Recovered Associated Evidence Collected Samples Photographs/Video Field Drawings/Maps References Appendices Signatures and Dates Example of a Case Report Appendix A: Adult Skeletal Inventory Form (Field Collection) Appendix B: Infant Skeletal Inventory Form (Field Collection) Appendix C: Child Skeletal Inventory Form (Field Collection) Appendix D: Personnel and Scene Summary Form Appendix E: Recovery Scene Context Form Appendix F: Surface Deposit Recovery Form Appendix G: Feature Excavation Form Appendix H: Remains Summary Form Appendix I: Forensic Entomology Data Collection Form Appendix J: Photography/Video Record Form Appendix K: Evidentiary Inventory Form Appendix L: Evidentiary Chain of Custody Form Glossary Index
Tosha L. Dupras, Ph.D. specializes in bioarchaeology, particularly diet reconstruction through chemical analysis, and has been associated with the Dakhleh Oasis and Dayr al Barsha projects in Egypt where she has excavated in several cemeteries and analyzed many skeletal remains. Dupras also assists local law enforcement agencies with the search for and excavation of human remains. John J. Schultz, Ph.D.'s primary research focuses on forensic and archaeological applications of ground-penetrating radar (GPR) for grave detection, and detection of buried metallic weapons using various geophysical technologies. Schultz is also a consulting forensic anthropologist in the central Florida area for various law enforcement agencies and the local Medical Examiner's Office. Sandra M. Wheeler, Ph.D. specializes in bioarchaeology, paleopathology, juvenile osteology, and mortuary archaeology. Wheeler has conducted fieldwork in Belize and Mexico and continues to actively work with the Dakhleh Oasis Project, Egypt. She has assisted law enforcement in Florida and Canada with the search for and recovery of human remains. Lana J. Williams, Ph.D. specializes in biochemical analysis of human remains, mortuary archaeology, and human osteology. Williams has conducted fieldwork in Greece and Belize and is currently working with the Dakhleh Oasis and Dayr al Barsha projects in Egypt. In addition, she has assisted law enforcement in Florida and Canada in the search, recovery, and analysis of human remains.