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MIT Press
15 August 2017
Behavioural theory (Behaviourism); Neurology & clinical neurophysiology
A distinguished psychologist considers five conditions that constrain inferences about the relation between brain activity and psychological processes.

Scientists were unable to study the relation of brain to mind until the invention of technologies that measured the brain activity accompanying psychological processes. Yet even with these new tools, conclusions are tentative or simply wrong. In this book, the distinguished psychologist Jerome Kagan describes five conditions that place serious constraints on the ability to predict mental or behavioral outcomes based on brain data: the setting in which evidence is gathered, the expectations of the subject, the source of the evidence that supports the conclusion, the absence of studies that examine patterns of causes with patterns of measures, and the habit of borrowing terms from psychology.

Kagan describes the important of context, and how the experimental setting-including the room, the procedure, and the species, age, and sex of both subject and examiner-can influence the conclusions. He explains how subject expectations affect all brain measures; considers why brain and psychological data often yield different conclusions; argues for relations between patterns of causes and outcomes rather than correlating single variables; and criticizes the borrowing of psychological terms to describe brain evidence. Brain sites cannot be in a state of fear.

A deeper understanding of the brain's contributions to behavior, Kagan argues, requires investigators to acknowledge these five constraints in the design or interpretation of an experiment.
By:   Jerome Kagan (Daniel and Amy Starch Research Professor of Psychology Harvard University)
Imprint:   MIT Press
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 203mm,  Width: 137mm,  Spine: 24mm
ISBN:   9780262036528
ISBN 10:   0262036525
Series:   The MIT Press
Pages:   256
Publication Date:   15 August 2017
Recommended Age:   From 18 years
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Unspecified

Jerome Kagan is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. He is the author of The Nature of the Child, An Argument for Mind, Psychology's Ghosts, The Human Spark, Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior (MIT Press), and other books.

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