Although there is an established historiography on women's roles during the Spanish Civil War (1936-9), little has been written on Nationalist women in the Republican-held zones. Women were the anti-Republican resisters of the first hour in the capital but they have been largely overlooked in the historical record. During the bitter civil conflict a sector of dissident women helped to create a subversive and clandestine national Catholic space in the heart of Republican Madrid. By examining the vital and invisible role played by women within Madrid's 'fifth column' this monograph offers a new contribution to the gender historiography of the Spanish Civil War and re-evaluates the significance of women in the Nationalist war effort. It explores how and why a sector of Falangist and Catholic women decided to mobilise against the legally constituted Popular Front government in support of an undemocratic military coup. While women's subversive activities often involved the transgression of traditional gender norms, their social and political agency arose within the conditions and precepts of Catholicism and was conceptualised and imagined within new national-Catholic discourses of 'holy Crusade.'
Country of Publication:
Series: Routledge/Canada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain
12 March 2020
Further / Higher Education
Contents; Acknowledgements; List of Abbreviations; Introduction; Part I: The Role of Women in The Clandestine Falange; Chapter I: The Origins of Auxilio Azul; Chapter II: The Structure and Organisation of Auxilio Azul; Chapter III: The Role of Women in The Mixed Gender Clandestine Falange Groups; Part II: The Women in Madrid's Autonomous Fifth-Column Resistance; Chapter IV: Traitors and Rebels; Chapter V: Female Spies; Conclusion; Bibliography; Appendix A
Angela Flynn is an historian at Oxford University who recently completed a DPhil under the supervision of Dame Frances Lannon. She co-teaches, alongside Professor Robert Gildea, a third-year undergraduate Special Subject on France from the Popular Front to the Liberation, 1936-1939 and co-convenes an inter-disciplinary seminar series sponsored by TORCH Oxford/Stanford University in Oxford entitled Conversations on Identity, Ethnicity and Nationhood.