This fourth edition is primarily aimed at helping physicists, physical chemists, materials scientists, metallurgists, engineers, and biologists to carry out investigations at low temperatures. This new edition takes into account the major changes in cryogenic technology over the past twenty years. These changes include areas of temperature measurement and control, superconducting magnets, cryocoolers, ultra-low temperatures, technical data on materials, commercially available cryostats for optical, x-ray, thermal and electrical measurements. Less emphasis is now placed on methods of constructing cryostats in the laboratory and more emphasis on commercially available cryostats, temperature controllers, and closed circuit cryocoolers. The book contains comprehensive, up-to-date tables of physical property data on metals, polymers, and ceramics. It will be of value to graduate students as well as to engineers and biologists facing cryogenic problems.
Contents List - Page 1 Preface 1. The historical and scientific perspective 2. Production of temperatures to 1 K 3. Thermometry 4. Heat transfer 5. Storage and handling of liquefied gases 6. Temperature control 7. Cryostats for 1-300 K 8. Below 0.3 K 9. Magnets 10.Other techniques 11.Physical properties of solids 12. Suppliers of cryogenic equipment 13. Common symbols
Dr P.J. Meeson, H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol Professor G.K. White, Honorary Fellow at CSIRO National Measurement Laboratory, Sydney, and Visiting Fellow at Australian National University, Canberra.