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Experimental Hydraulics

Methods, Instrumentation, Data Processing and Management, Two Volume Set

Marian Muste Jochen Aberle David Admiraal Robert Ettema



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CRC Press
14 September 2017
Series: IAHR Monographs
This two-volume book is a comprehensive guide to designing, conducting and interpreting experiments in a broad range of topics associated with hydraulic engineering. It is the first substantial effort in hydraulic engineering to assemble in one place descriptions of all the components of experimentation along with a concise outline of essential theory to highlight the intrinsic connection between analytical and experimental research and illustrate the need for their complementary use. Providing end-to-end guidance to support experimentalists is long overdue, as most of the information can only be found in scientific papers or specialized monographs on laboratory and fieldwork practice. The book was prepared for college faculty, researchers, practitioners, and students involved in hydraulics experiments.

Written by a team of more than 45 authors well-experienced in hydraulics experimentation, the book takes into account experiments performed under a range of conditions, including well-equipped and -staffed laboratories, and laboratories lacking aspects of advanced instrumentation and expertise. The book could serve as a textbook on hydraulics experiments. Its style is intentionally concise and makes frequent use of convenient summaries, tables and figures to present information. The writers provide specific guidance on methods and instruments currently used in hydraulics experiments, and emphasizes new and emerging measurement technologies and analysis methods. Extensive references enable interested readers to further explore details on each topic. Although the book focuses primarily on laboratory experiments, including hydraulic modelling, it also applies to fieldwork of varying complexity and accessibility.
Edited by:   Marian Muste, Jochen Aberle, David Admiraal, Robert Ettema, Marcelo H. Garcia
Imprint:   CRC Press
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 246mm,  Width: 174mm, 
Weight:   2.214kg
ISBN:   9781138027534
ISBN 10:   1138027537
Series:   IAHR Monographs
Pages:   906
Publication Date:   14 September 2017
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Further / Higher Education ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Volume I 1. Introduction 1.1 Book Overview 1.2 The role of hydraulics experiments 1.3 Approach 1.4 Structure of volume I References 2. Hydraulic Flows: Overview 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Turbulent flows in hydraulic engineering 2.3 Turbulence mechanics: Concepts and descriptive frameworks 2.4 Open-channel flows 2.5 Complex flows 2.A Appendix Notation References 3. Similitude 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Basics 3.3 Dynamic similitude from flow equations 3.4 Water flow 3.5 Multi-pase flow and transport processes 3.6 Addressing similitude shortcomings 3.A. Appendix: Dimensional analysis Notation References 4. Selection and design of the experimental setup 4.1 The experimental process 4.2 Experimental setup components 4.3 Laboratory facilities 4.4 Instrument selection 4.5 From signals to data references 5. Experiment execution 5.1 Instrument-flow and facility-flow interactions 5.2 Conducting the experiment 5.3 Field experiments 5.4 Complex experiments 5.5 Interaction of experiments with numerical modeling References 6. Data analysis 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Basic concepts, terminology, and notation in probability and statistics 6.3 Descriptive statistics and exploratory data analysis 6.4 Hyphotheses, statistical significance, and interval estimates 6.5 Bootstrapping 6.6 Regression 6.7 Bayesian inference 6.8 Extended examples in regression 6.9 Classification analysis: Logistic regression, linear discrimination analysis, and tree classification 6.10 Machine (or statistical) learning approaches 6.11 Data conditioning: Time series and filtering 6.12 Time series and spectral analysis 6.13 Spatial interpolation, kriging, and spatial derivatives 6.14 Identification of coherent structures 6.15 Final comments 6.A Appendix References 7. Uncertainty analysis for hydraulic measurements 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Concepts and terminology 7.3 UA implementation 7.4 Uncertainty inferences using intercomparison experiments 7.5 Practical issues References 8. Hydroinformatics applied to hydraulic experiments 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Hydroinformatics 8.3 Digital environmental observatories 8.4 Outlook References Volume II 1 Introduction 1.1 Book Overview 1.2 The Role of Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques 1.3 Approach 1.4 Structure of Volume II References 2 Flow Visualization 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Fundamentals 2.3 Flow Visualization Techniques 2.4 Visualization of Flows Near Solid Surfaces 2.5 Understanding Flow Topology from Flow Visualization Data 2.A Appendix 3 Velocity 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Acoustic Backscattering Instruments (ABIs) for Fine-Scale Flow Measurements 3.3 Acoustic Instruments for Mean Flow Characterization in Field Conditions: Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCP) 3.4 Acoustic Travel-Time Tomography 3.A Appendix 3.5 Point Velocimeters for Field Applications 3.6 Laser-Doppler Velocimetry/Anemometry 3.B Appendix 3.7 Image-Based Velocimetry Methods 3.C Appendix 3.8 High-Frequency Radar 3.9 Drifters and Drogues 3.10 Dilution Method References 4 Topography and Bathymetry 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Terrestrial Laser Scanning: Topographic Measurement and Modelling 4.3 Ultrasonic Sensing 4.4 Photogrammetry 4.5 Other Surface Profiling Methods 4.6 Grain Size Distribution 4.A Appendix References 5 Sediment Transport 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Bedload 5.3 Suspended Load 5.A Appendix References 6 Auxiliary Hydraulic Variables 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Water Depth 6.3 Water Surface and Bed Slope 6.4 Pressure 6.5 Bed Shear Stress 6.6 Drag Forces References 7 Discharge 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Intrusive Flowmeters 7.3 Non-Intrusive Flowmeters 7.4 Discrete Streamflow Measurements Based on Velocity Integration 7.5 Continuous Streamflow Monitoring Using Stage Measurements 7.6 Continuous Streamflow Monitoring Using Velocity Measurements 7.7 Practical Issues References 8 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles as Platforms for Experimental Hydraulics 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles 8.3 Horizontal and Vertical Positioning 8.4 Vehicle and Mission Design Considerations for Data Collection 8.5 Mapping Under Ice References

Marian V. Muste is Research Engineer with the Iowa Institute of Hydroscience and Engineering, and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Iowa. Dr. Muste's areas of research include experimental river mechanics (laboratory and field investigations), instrumentation development and implementation (image-, acoustic-, and laser-based), uncertainty analysis, and hydroinformatics. He is author or co-author of more than 185 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers and 75 technical reports. Dr. Muste is expert for UNESCO's International Hydrologic Program and World Meteorological Organization Commission for Hydrology projects. He was chair for the Experimental Methods and Instrumentation, and is a former Vice-president of the International Association of Hydro-Environmental Engineering and Research. Dr. Jochen Aberle is Professor at the Technische Universitat Braunschweig, Germany, and Adjunct Professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. His research expertise includes river morphology, sediment transport, rough bed flows, flow-vegetation-sediment interaction, fluid-structure interaction, and experimental methods in the field and laboratory. Dr. Aberle has published more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Research, and was chair of the IAHR Experimental Methods and Instrumentation Committee. David M. Admiraal is an Associate Professor in the Civil Engineering Department at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. His research expertise includes laboratory and field investigations of sediment transport, river hydraulics, and hydraulic structures. Most of his work incorporates experimental modeling. Dr. Admiraal has over 50 journal and conference publications in a wide variety of hydraulic engineering topics. He is actively involved in ASCE's Technical Committee on Hydraulic Measurements and Experimentation and has served as the chair of the committee. He has also acted as co-chair for two conferences on Hydraulic Measurements and Experimental Methods. Robert Ettema is the Harold H. Short Professor at Colorado State University's Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. He actively conducts laboratory and field experiments in several areas of hydraulic engineering, including hydraulic structures, alluvial-channel hydraulics and cold-regions hydraulics. Dr. Ettema chaired the committee that prepared the monograph Hydraulic Modeling: Concepts and Practice, Manual 97, published by the American Society of Civil Engineers. His prior positions were as a professor at the University of Wyoming and the University of Iowa, where he has a member of IIHR-Hydroscience and Engineering. Marcelo H. Garcia is the M.T. Geoffrey Yeh Chair in Civil Engineering and Director of the Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Laboratory at the University of Illinois-Urbana. His research interests are in rivers, sediment transport, environmental fluid mechanics and experimental techniques. His scholarship includes 4 books, 19 book chapters, and more than 150 peer-reviewed papers covering a wide range of fundamental and practical in hydraulics engineering. Dr. Garcia was Editor-in-chief of the ASCE Sedimentation Engineering Manual 110, served as Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Research, and is recipient of numerous professional awards. Dennis A. Lyn is Professor of Civil Engineering in the Lyles School of Civil Engineering at Purdue University. In addition to a general interest in statistical thinking and analysis of data, Dr. Lyn is specifically interested in turbulence, open-channel flows, sediment transport and scour phenomena, with applications to river engineering. Dr. Lyn served on the editorial boards of several hydraulics-focused journals and was Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. Vladimir Nikora is the Sixth Century Chair in Environmental Fluid Mechanics at the School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen, UK. His main research areas relate to turbulent flows, sediment dynamics, hydraulic resistance, flow-biota interactions, and experimental methods. Dr. Nikora has served as Editor of IAHR Journal of Hydraulic Research and Associate Editor for AGU Water Resources Research and ASCE Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. He has been active contributor to IAHR Instrumentation Section as a member, secretary and Section Chair. Dr. Nikora is Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Colin D. Rennie is a Professor of Civil Engineering, at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He has expertise in areas of river morphology and engineering, environmental hydraulics, sediment transport, turbulence, and aquatic habitat. His research focuses on channel morphodynamics and mixing processes, utilizing high-resolution field measurements with acoustic instruments, laboratory physical models, and three-dimensional numerical modelling. He has published 150+ refereed articles, including papers in premiere journals such as Nature. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, and a past-Chair of the IAHR Experimental Methods and Instrumentation Committee.

Reviews for Experimental Hydraulics: Methods, Instrumentation, Data Processing and Management, Two Volume Set

This monograph deals with experimental techniques and measurements in open channel flows, over 900 pages. Very few books provide a similar coverage of this subject area. [...] In addition to its value to early-career or non-specialist researchers, volume I of the monograph provides an excellent teaching resource at undergraduate level. Significant effort has been made to ensure that the content in this volume is accessible to readers through an abundance of figures and tables. [...] Experienced researchers are likely to find volume II most helpful in practice. [...] The book is well targeted at readers who need guidance on designing and conducting hydraulic experiments. Despite its practical nature, it provides a broad yet concise introduction to the basic flow physics and theories underlying most hydraulic and fluid dynamics problems. [...] This monograph fills a knowledge gap, covering a most relevant topic and including some of the latest developments in this area. One may argue that there is little coverage on field measurements during natural disasters (floods), air-water free-surface flows, hydraulic structures and unsteady rapidly varied open channel flows. This is true and merely reflects the needs for further specialised monographs on these difficult and specialised topics. The treatment of coastal applications lacks the depth of other topics of interest to hydraulic engineers. However, this monograph achieves its purpose of being an excellent book for graduate students, researchers and engineers in civil engineering interested in open channel flow and measurements, and a very useful reference text for those developing, designing and conducting physical hydraulic experiments. Book Review by Hubert Chanson, Bruce Melville, Hang Wang, Linxian Leng and Colin Whittaker in J. Fluid Mech (2018), vol. 855, pp. 1238-1241. This book is a valuable and timely contribution to the hydraulics literature and will be appreciated by diverse scientific and engineering communities, including environmentalists, geographers, sedimentologists and geologists using experimental hydraulics in multidisciplinary studies. Further, this book can be highly recommended to students as a supplementary text, or even as a substitute for multiple textbooks dedicated to various topics in hydrodynamics, hydraulics, sedimentology, instrumentation and statistical analysis. Book Review by Alexander Sukhodolov, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin in J. Hydraulic Research (2018), vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 435-436.

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