Wolves are controversial figures worldwide and much effort has focused on how to conserve them while addressing public concerns. With its solitary habits and fruit-eating diet, the endangered maned wolf roams the South American grasslands and swamps, playing a vital part in maintaining biodiversity hotspots. Compared to the grey wolf, little is known about its relationship with local people and the environment and the reasons for its decline, making research about this unique species an urgent concern.
Ecology and Conservation of the Maned Wolf: Multidisciplinary Perspectives gathers the work of leading researchers from diverse disciplines and countries, covering up-to-date research on the biology, ecology, and conservation of the maned wolf. It presents innovative insights that can benefit conservation strategies and offers perspectives for the future of the species. The book is divided into three parts. Part I explains the general issues concerning the maned wolf: population viability, the relationship between maned wolves and people, and the management of captive maned wolves. It also reviews current aspects of species biology, including conservation genetics, feeding ecology, social structure and reproduction, and conservation medicine.
Part II contains case studies that present knowledge gathered from conservation programs and field research in all countries where the species is currently found-Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. Part III offers perspectives from diverse fields of research, exploring the challenges and opportunities connecting maned wolf conservation efforts with those of its habitat and of other endangered species. This includes education and communication tools, the application of human dimensions research to maned wolf conservation, ethnoconservation perspectives, and the ecological and socioeconomic challenges to the conservation of the cerrado habitat.
Part I The Species and Ecology Species Status The Canidae Family: Setting the Scene for Maned Wolf Conservation Claudio Sillero-Zubiri Maned Wolf Population Viability Rogerio Cunha de Paula and Arnaud Desbiez Relationships between the Maned Wolf and People Adriana Consorte-McCrea The Maned Wolf Ex Situ Worldwide Ruben Holland The Ex Situ Maned Wolf Population in Brazilian Zoos Cecilia Pessutti, Cleyde Angelica Ferreira da Silva Chieregatto, and Ralph Vanstreels Species Biology Evolutionary and Conservation Genetics of the Maned Wolf Manoel L. da Fontoura-Rodrigues and Eduardo Eizirik Feeding Ecology: A Review Jose Carlos Motta-Junior, Diego Queirolo, and Adriana de Arruda Bueno Reproduction and Factors Affecting Reproductive Success in the Maned Wolf Nucharin Songsasen, Amy E. Johnson, Lauren E. Reiter, and Melissa Rodden Conservation Medicine Joares Adenilson May Jr. and Paulo Anselmo Nunes Felippe Part II Case Studies and Conservation Programs Conservation of a Population of Maned Wolves, Chrysocyon brachyurus, on a Small Reserve in the Cerrado Flavio H.G. Rodrigues, Arnaud Desbiez, Raquel L.S.C. Grando, Ana C.R. Lacerda, Adriani Hass, and Wesley R. Silva A Case Study: Diet of Maned Wolf and Its Relationship to Seed Dispersal in a Cattle Ranch in Southeastern Brazil Eliana Ferraz Santos, Nivar Gobbi, and Paulo Anselmo Nunes Felippe Agricultural Expansion and Future of the Maned Wolf Carly Vynne The Maned Wolf Conservation Project: Serra Da Canastra, Minas Gerais, Brazil Rogerio Cunha de Paula, Flavio Henrique Guimaraes Rodrigues, Marcelo Ximenes Bizerril, Nucharin Songsasen, Eduardo Eizirik, Ronaldo Goncalves Morato, Jean Pierre Santos, Fernanda Cavalcanti Azevedo, Joares May-Junior, Carla Cruz Soares, Fabiana Lopes Rocha, and Ricardo Corassa Arrais Maned Wolf Conservation in the South of Brazil and Uruguay Diego Queirolo, Cibele Indrusiak, Lorena Coelho, Mariana Cosse, and Graziela Dotta Maned Wolf in Argentina Lucia Soler Environmental Influences on Maned Wolf Ecology in Bolivia Louise H. Emmons The Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) in Paraguay Jose L. Cartes, Anthony J. Giordano, and M. Nathalia Mujica Cameroni Part III Perspectives for the Future Education and Communication for the Conservation of Wild Canids Denise Taylor Introduction to the Human Dimension: A Valuable Research Tool to Achieve Wildlife Conservation Objectives and Maned Wolf Conservation Alistair Bath The Role of Ethnoscience in the Growth of Ethnoconservation as a New Approach to Nature Conservation in the Tropics: The Case of Brazil Antonio Carlos Diegues Policy Intervention in the Cerrado Savannas of Brazil: Changes in Land Use and Effects on Conservation Carlos A. Klink Maned Wolf Ecology and Conservation: The Road Ahead Claudio Sillero-Zubiri, Adriana Consorte-McCrea, and Eliana Ferraz Index
Adriana Consorte-McCrea, Ph.D., began her research career studying the captive breeding of maned wolves through an apprenticeship in Sao Paulo Zoo in 1986. She has contributed to environmental education programs for the education departments of Wildwood Trust, the Natural History Museum-Tring, and Zoological Society of London Whipsnade Zoo. Adriana currently lectures at Canterbury Christ Church University, Kent, UK, where she founded and chairs the interdisciplinary Wildlife and People Initiative (part of CCCU's Ecology Research Group), promoting discussion and research about relationships between wildlife and society, in the context of biodiversity conservation. Her main interest areas are attitudes toward wild carnivores and maned wolf conservation. She is a member of the Reintroduction Specialist Group of the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Species Survival Commission. Eliana Ferraz Santos, Ph.D., is a native of Campinas (SP, Brazil), where she has worked for many years in biology and management of wild animals in Campinas Zoo. She has coordinated the Jequitibas Woods Zoo of Campinas since 2004, where she also serves as a zoologist. She has been the director of the Associacao Mata Ciliar at the Canine Department of Jundiai, and the founder and coordinator of the Project Echoes of the Woods (voluntary environmental education project) in Jequitibas Woods since 1997. Eliana has experience in zoology, working mainly in the areas of animal behavior, ecology of wild animals, captive animal management, and environmental enrichment. She has been an effective partner at the Paulista Society of Zoos since 1998, where she has directed the biology department since 2002.