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Driving While Black

African American Travel and the Road to Civil Rights

Gretchen Sorin



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13 March 2020
The ultimate symbol of independence and possibility, the automobile has shaped this country from the moment the first Model T rolled off Henry Ford's assembly line. Yet cars have always held distinct importance for African Americans, allowing black families to evade the many dangers presented by an entrenched racist society and to enjoy, in some measure, the freedom of the open road. Gretchen Sorin recovers a forgotten history of black motorists, and recounts their creation of a parallel, unseen world of travel guides, black only hotels, and informal communications networks that kept black drivers safe. At the heart of this story is Victor and Alma Green's famous Green Book, begun in 1936, which made possible that most basic American right, the family vacation, and encouraged a new method of resisting oppression. Enlivened by Sorin's personal history, Driving While Black opens an entirely new view onto the African American experience, and shows why travel was so central to the Civil Rights movement.
By:   Gretchen Sorin
Imprint:   Liveright
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 236mm,  Width: 160mm,  Spine: 30mm
Weight:   552g
ISBN:   9781631495694
ISBN 10:   1631495690
Pages:   352
Publication Date:   13 March 2020
Audience:   General/trade ,  ELT Advanced
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active

Gretchen Sorin is distinguished professor and director of the Cooperstown Graduate Program of the State University of New York. She has curated innumerable exhibits-including with the Smithsonian, the Jewish Museum and the New York State Historical Association-and lives in upstate New York.

Reviews for Driving While Black: African American Travel and the Road to Civil Rights

Make[s] powerfully clear the magnitude of the injustices and harrowing encounters endured by African-Americans traveling by 'open' road, as well as of their quiet acts of rebellion and protest, which went far beyond having to find alternative places to eat, sleep and buy gas.... Deeply researched... Driving While Black is more focused on the history of African-American car ownership and travel, exploring why both have been so important to African-American life.... A scholarly examination of the history of black mobility in this country from the antebellum period to now, including the ongoing quest by whites in power to deny or restrict that mobility. -- Bridgett M. Davis, New York Times Book Review This excellent history illuminates how car ownership provided a measure of safety and independence and also played a vital role in the civil-rights movement. -- New Yorker Lucidly written and generously illustrated with photos and artifacts, this rigorous and entertaining history deserves a wide readership. -- Publishers Weekly [starred review] Unlike some of the more familiar narratives-the march from Selma to Montgomery that culminated in the Voting Rights Act, or Loving v. Virginia, which invalidated anti-miscegenation laws-the story Sorin tells does not conclude with a victory but with today's crisis of mass incarceration. . . . Driving While Black highlights the dangers of such discrimination by describing the necessities that were denied to black Americans as they traveled. . . . Her argument raises an intriguing question: Can consumerism count as activism? . . . Had Driving While Black ended with the Civil Rights Act and Heart of Atlanta Motel, it would have hewed to traditional narratives of the civil rights movement, which typically begin with a struggle against legalized discrimination, climax with nonviolent protest, and conclude with a legislative or courtroom victory. But a triumphant history that ends with a hard-won anti-discrimination law would seem naive today, especially when poverty and injustice exact an uneven toll on people of color. Instead, Driving While Black jumps to the 1990s and continues to the present day in its epilogue. -- Sarah A. Seo, New York Review of Books Driving While Black is a marvel. It is the work of a brilliant mind and a beautiful heart. Sorin, a professor at State University of New York at Albany, dazzles with plain language. She writes in a way that academics and laypersons will both admire. Sorin combines impeccable, exhaustive research and personal stories with a seamless elegance, somehow managing to hold the object under examination far enough away to consider it fully and close enough to really inhabit it. -- Michael Kleber-Diggs - Minneapolis Star-Tribune The sweeping story of African Americans and automobiles-a tale of mobility and mobilization that helped fuel the Civil Rights Movement. -- Erin Blakemore, Smithsonian A riveting story on how the automobile opened up opportunities for blacks in the U.S.... In Sorin's work, her prose and talent for turning examples into captivating stories prevent the book from being a mere sociological study of how black travel changed the nation. Instead, she blends her own family's history, and those who experienced the black travel revolution, to make the book enjoyable and noteworthy since it shows how the changes ushered in civil rights. -- Russell Contreras, Associated Press Driving While Black also chronicles the rise of car culture in tandem with rock 'n' roll music (Chuck Berry loved his Cadillacs), as well as the vast network of black-friendly establishments outlined in the popular Green Book. Feeling gassed up yet? Grab this book to-go and get to reading. -- Matt Gifford, BookPage Sorin's engaging account of black motoring exposes a rough road in race relations but also a technology's impact on black freedom. A great resource for people learning about black freedoms-and the fragility of those freedoms-in the automobile era and during the civil rights movement. -- Library Journal An eye-opening history of the terrible discrimination practiced routinely against African American drivers. . . [A] powerful story. . . The author provides an in-depth look at the significance of Victor Green's (literally) lifesaving The Green Book. . . A pleasing combination of terrific research and storytelling and engaging period visuals. -- Kirkus Reviews Gretchen Sorin has spent decades exploring this deeply researched, acutely felt, and penetrating study of race, space, and mobility in America-and a lifetime thinking about the issues and experiences that underlie it. No one who reads Driving While Black can fail to be moved and wonderstruck by how far American society has come in the last century and a half in forwarding the dream of equal mobility for all, and by how far we still have to go. -- Ric Burns, documentary filmmaker With chronological sweep and intimate detail, Gretchen Sorin takes us on an unsettling road trip, showing us how African American travelers met with indignities, discrimination, and violence, and how they fought for their basic dignity. From the famous Green Book to black-run lakeside resorts, Sorin offers a powerful revision of the romance of roadside Americana. -- Thomas J. Sugrue, author of Sweet Land of Liberty: The Forgotten Struggle for Civil Rights in the North Driving While Black is painful, poignant, and powerful. White America cannot imagine being unwelcomed and unwanted in stopping for a meal or a motel room on a long trip. But the fact is that this was for decades the harsh reality for millions of our fellow citizens. Through compelling and extensive interviews, illustrations, and evidence, Gretchen Sorin has meticulously documented yet another disturbing aspect of racism in our national life. -- Kenneth T. Jackson, Barzun Professor of History, Columbia University This is the first authoritative book about the actual social, economic, and political history of African-Americans and cars. Sorin's accessible style invites the reader see how the open road looked from black people's points of view. Interspersed with anecdotes and family stories, her history is authoritative, pungent, and personal. This volume is a ground-breaking roadmap of the black experience behind the wheel. -- Fath Davis Ruffins, Curator, National Museum of American History

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