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Diverse Paths

The Dynamic Evolution of Social Protection in Asia Pacific

Philip B. O'Keefe Puja Vasudeva Dutta Harry Moroz Robert Palacios

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World Bank Publications
30 September 2020
Civil service & public sector; Industrial relations & safety; Employment & labour law; Social security & welfare law
Over the past two decades, social protection systems in much of developing Asia Pacific have been fundamentally transformed. Due to factors including rising country income levels, increased exposure to macroeconomic and climatic shocks, demographic and structural change, and changing expectations of the state from citizens, social protection systems in many parts of Asia Pacific have been expanding in terms of range of programs, level of public spending, and coverage of population. But the building of robust and inclusive social protection systems remains incomplete, and in sub-regions of Asia Pacific is at best nascent. This report charts the transformation of social protection systems in the East Asia and Pacific and much of South Asia region in the areas of social assistance, social insurance, employment programs, and delivery systems. It highlights the major diversity of social protection systems across the region, and the remaining challenges of consolidating, expanding and in some cases building them. It also suggests directions for deepening social protection reforms which reflect the diversity of country situations.
By:   Philip B. O'Keefe, Puja Vasudeva Dutta, Harry Moroz, Robert Palacios
Imprint:   World Bank Publications
Country of Publication:   United States
ISBN:   9781464815423
ISBN 10:   1464815429
Pages:   350
Publication Date:   30 September 2020
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active

The World Bank came into formal existence in 1945 following the international ratification of the Bretton Woods agreements. It is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. The organization's activities are focused on education, health, agriculture and rural development, environmental protection, establishing and enforcing regulations, infrastructure development, governance and legal institutions development. The World Bank is made up of two unique development institutions owned by its 185 Member Countries. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries and the International Development Association (IDA), which focuses on the poorest countries in the world.

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