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Oxford University Press Inc
09 July 2015
Media, information & communication industries; Computing: general; Legal aspects of computing; Computer fraud & hacking
In 2011, the United States government declared a cyber attack as equal to an act of war, punishable with conventional military means. Cyber operations, cyber crime, and other forms of cyber activities directed by one state against another are now considered part of the normal relations range of combat and conflict, and the rising fear of cyber conflict has brought about a reorientation of military affairs. What is the reality of this threat? Is it actual or inflated, fear or fact-based?

Taking a bold stand against the mainstream wisdom, Valeriano and Maness argue that there is very little evidence that cyber war is, or is likely to become, a serious threat. Their claim is empirically grounded, involving a careful analysis of cyber incidents and disputes experienced by international states since 2001, and an examination of the processes leading to cyber conflict.

As the authors convincingly show, cyber incidents are a little-used tactic, with low-level intensity and few to no long-term effects. As well, cyber incidents are motivated by the same dynamics that prompt regional conflicts. Based on this evidence, Valeriano and Maness lay out a set of policy recommendations for proper defense against cyber threats that is built on restraint and regionalism.
By:   Brandon Valeriano (Senior Lecturer Senior Lecturer University of Glasgow), Ryan C. Maness (Visiting Fellow of Resilience and Security Studies, Visiting Fellow of Resilience and Security Studies, Northeastern University)
Imprint:   Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication:   United States
Dimensions:   Height: 236mm,  Width: 162mm,  Spine: 26mm
Weight:   512g
ISBN:   9780190204792
ISBN 10:   0190204796
Pages:   288
Publication Date:   09 July 2015
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Professional and scholarly ,  Primary ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Preface Acknowledgements Chapter 1: The Contours of the Cyber Conflict World Chapter 2: Cyberpower, Cyber Weapons, and Cyber Operations Chapter 3: Theories of Cyber Conflict: Restraint, Regionalism, Espionage, and Cyber Terrorism in the Digital Era Chapter 4: The Dynamics of Cyber Conflict between Rival Antagonists Chapter 5: The Impact of Cyber Incidents: Events and the Conflict-Cooperation Nexus Chapter 6: Stuxnet, Shamoon, and Bronze Soldier: The Impact and Responses to Cyber Operations Chapter 7: Cyber Conflict and Non-State Actors: Weapons of Fear Chapter 8: Cyber Rules: Encouraging a System of Justice and Proportionality in Cyber Operations Chapter 9: Conclusion Tables and Figures

Brandon Valeriano is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics and Global Security at the University of Glasgow. Ryan C. Maness is Visiting Fellow of Security and Resilience Studies at Northeastern University.

Reviews for Cyber War versus Cyber Realities: Cyber Conflict in the International System

Why haven't more cyber wars occurred? Valeriano and Maness present theory and evidence to show why states exercise cyber restraint. Their book is a healthy corrective to the usual hype. --Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Harvard University and author of The Future of Power An important contribution to international relations theory and analysis. A path-breaking empirical work. --Nazli Choucri, Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Most books that touch on theories of cyber power are stuck in either the mire of technical realities or zoom in the other direction, into the stratosphere of 'battles' over cognition and perception. Neither is very relevant for understanding actual conflict between nations. With Cyber War versus Cyber Realities, Valeriano and Maness have a rare gem, a book rooted in a deep analysis of the true realities of cyber conflict from which they draw both lessons and theories with real relevance in national capitals. --Jay Healey, Director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative, The Atlantic Council Valeriano and Maness have provided scholars with an impressive starting point that contributes towards greater understanding of the cyber security threat landscape as well as the prospect of a less threatening cyber future. --Francis C. Domingo, De La Salle University and the University of Nottingham, Journal of Information and Technology Cyber War Versus Cyber Realities is a groundbreaking empirical work and a necessary read for scholars focusing on cyber conflict and people generally interested in international relations. -- lJournal of Information Technology & Politics Overall...the book is an essential contribution to the cyber security literature, and one that substantially advances the debate about the impact of cyber war as a term of reference and an empirical reality. --Joe Burton, lH-Net Reviews Overall, this book provides a new perspective on cyber conflict, countering the media hype of impending Cyber Pearl Harbors or Cyber 9/11s. Further, it offers one of the first viable attempts to quantify the impact of cyber actions, and presents facts and evidence to support their theories. As such, [the authors] build a strong case for cyber policy based on moderation versus worst-case scenarios. -- lSmall Wars & Insurgencies

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