This book highlights the myriad factors that can impact the children of incarcerated parents. It is no secret that the United States continues to be the leading nation for the incarceration of men and women, and this this large prison population includes approximately 120,000 incarcerated mothers and 1.1 million incarcerated fathers. Incarceration of a parent is recognized as an 'adverse childhood experience', an acute or chronic situation that for most people is stressful and potentially traumatic. Children of incarcerated parents may experience other adverse childhood experiences such as poverty, homelessness, parental substance abuse and other mental health problems, and family violence. The chapters in this book document some of the challenges as well as some promising ways that can help parents and families begin to meet these challenges. It is our hope that the compendium of chapters presented in this book will be a resource for practitioners, policy makers, educators, researchers, and advocates in their work to ensure that the children of incarcerated parents, their caregivers, and their mothers and fathers, are provided the support they need to address the challenges they face during and after parental incarceration. This book was originally published as a special issue of Smith College Studies in Social Work.
Introduction 1. Early Relational Health: Infants' Experiences Living with Their Incarcerated Mothers 2. Incarcerated Mothers: Trauma and Attachment Issues 3. Substance Use among Youth with Currently and Formerly Incarcerated Parents 4. Variations in the Life Histories of Incarcerated Parents by Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Service Provision 5. A Statewide Parenting Alternative Sentencing Program: Description and Preliminary Outcomes 6. The Moderating Effect of Living with a Child Before Incarceration on Postrelease Outcomes Related to a Prison-Based Parent Management Training Program 7. Building a Tailored, Multilevel Prevention Strategy to Support Children and Families Affected by Parental Incarceration
Marian S. Harris is a Professor and child welfare researcher based in the Social Work and Criminal Justice Program at the University of Washington, USA. J. Mark Eddy is a Senior Research Scientist and licensed psychologist with the Family Translational Research Group at New York University, USA.