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Britain and the Politics of Modernization in the Middle East, 1945-1958

Paul W. T. Kingston (University of Toronto) Charles Tripp Julia A. Clancy-Smith Israel Gershoni

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Cambridge University Press
21 January 2003
History; Middle Eastern history; Second World War; Development economics; Economic history
In an historically informed critique of the theory and practice of development assistance, Paul Kingston examines Britain's foreign aid programme in the Middle East in the 1940s and 1950s. After an assessment of the origins of what was dubbed the 'peasants, not pashas' policy - notably the link between development, sterling balances, and post-war imperial strategy - the author focuses on planning and policy debates between British development experts, their American rivals, and Middle Eastern technocrats. These debates, which centred on issues such as afforestation, irrigation, and rural credit, raise important questions about the nature and limits of the development process within the Middle East and the Third World which the author explores in his analysis. The book will be of interest to development practitioners and scholars in development studies, as well as to students of Middle East and imperial history.
By:   Paul W. T. Kingston (University of Toronto)
Series edited by:   Charles Tripp, Julia A. Clancy-Smith, Israel Gershoni, Roger Owen
Imprint:   Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Volume:   No.4
Dimensions:   Height: 229mm,  Width: 155mm,  Spine: 13mm
Weight:   310g
ISBN:   9780521894395
ISBN 10:   0521894395
Series:   Cambridge Middle East Studies
Pages:   204
Publication Date:   21 January 2003
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Undergraduate
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Introduction; 1. Britain, peasants and Pashas: debating approaches to modernization in the post-war Middle East; 2. Imperial dreams and delusions: the economics of promoting Middle East development; 3. The British Middle East Office and the abandonment of imperial approaches to modernization; 4. The British Middle East Office and the politics of modernization in Iran, 1945-51; 5. The British Middle East Office and the politics of modernization in Iraq, 1945-58; 6. The British Middle East Office and the politics of modernization in Jordan, 1951-8; Conclusion.

Reviews for Britain and the Politics of Modernization in the Middle East, 1945-1958

' ... a lively and thoughtful account of British 'development' efforts in various Middle Eastern countries during the years immediately following World War II ... Kingston has written a succinct and perceptive memoir of a decent and dedicated band of individuals whose efforts evidently deserve the affectionate attention he has given them' International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies This book is highly recommended not only to those who are interested in Britain and the Middle East, but to those concerned about the developing world, particularly the high hopes and deep disappointments associated with U.S. modernizers worldwide from the launching of the Marshall Plan in Europe and President Truman's Point Four Program to the disappointments and devastations in Vietnam. This well researched and argued book is the fourth in Cambridge Middle East Studies, a very promising new series... Roger Adelson, Historian It is scholarly and judicious, and should prove to be of interest to practitioners in the field, as well as to students of Middle Eastern and Imperial history. Ritchie Ovendale, International History Review The work should be of interest to scholars of development and to historians curious about Britain's postwar policies in the Middle East. William L. Cleveland, Canadian Journal of History This is a stimulating book about the British political economy in the Middle East at a crucial transitional period from dependency on Britain to independence. This tudy also provides a detailed insight into how development assistance policies are formulated, implemented, and evaluated, a useful subject for on-going development projects world-wide. Khaled Salih, Digest of Middle East Studies The points where this book sparkles-especially the section on Jordan-will hopefully inspire others to make much needed efforts to add to the literature on the subject. Jon B. Alterman, Middle East Journals ...the presentation is clearly written....there is certainly value in a study that relates foreign policy....providing the first study of the BMEO, certainly furnishes one new piece to the overall historical puzzle. Albion This is a lively and thoughtful account of British `development' efforts in various Middles Eastern countries during the years immediately following World War II. Kingston has written a succinct and perceptive memoir of a decent and dedicated band of individuals whose efforts evidently deserve the affectionate attention he has given them. Peter Sluglett, Int'l Jrnl of Middle East Studies This well researched and lucidly analyzed study of Britain's foreign aid program to the Middle East is a key addition to the literature on the theory and practice of development assistance. Ahmed H. Ibrahim, MESA Bulletin


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