In this new analysis of the Gospel of John, Kari Syreeni argues that the gospel is a heavily reworked edition of an earlier Johannine work, and that the original did not include Jesus' passion. Syreeni theorizes that the original gospel ended at Chapter 12, with the notion of Jesus' disappearance from the world, and that the passion narrative was incorporated by a later editor freely using the existing gospels of Mark and Matthew.
Syreeni suggests that the letters of John - written after the predecessor gospels but before the final edition - reveal a schism in the Johannine community that was caused by the majority faction's acceptance of Jesus' death and resurrection, as it was then recorded in the new gospel. By exploring the gospel's different means of legitimizing the passion story, such as the creation of the 'Beloved Disciple' to witness Jesus' passion, and the foreshadowing of the resurrection of Jesus in the miracle of Lazarus, Syreeni provides a bold and provocative case for a new understanding of John.
Foreword and Acknowledgments Abbreviations 1. Introduction: A Passion for John 2. John Among the Gospels: Rejecting False Dichotomies 3. In the Beginning: The Scope of the Johannine Prologue 4. The Beloved Disciple: Legitimating the Passion Story 5. The Greatest Sign: How Lazarus' Life Turns into Jesus' Death 6. Remembering the New Past: The Passion Storyline in John 1-12 7. The Bridegroom's Day: Tracing the Pre-Passion John 8. A Long Farewell: The Watershed in Johannine Theological Evolution 9. The Wounds of the Crucified: Understanding the Johannine Trauma Bibliography Index
Kari Syreeni is Professor Emeritus at Abo Akademi University, Finland.