Syria has long been one of the most trouble-prone and politically volatile regions of the Near and Middle Eastern world. This book looks back beyond the troubles of the present to tell the 3000-year story of what happened many centuries before. Trevor Bryce reveals the peoples, cities, and kingdoms that arose, flourished, declined, and disappeared in the lands that now constitute Syria, from the time of its earliest written records in the third millennium BC until the reign of the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the 3-4th century AD.
Across the centuries, from the Bronze Age to the Rome Era, we encounter a vast array of characters and civilizations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian history: Hittite and Assyrian Great Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically notorious Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the Great and Macedon's Alexander the Great; the rulers of the Seleucid empire; and an assortment of Rome's most distinguished and most infamous emperors. All swept across the plains of Syria at some point in its long history. All contributed, in one way or another, to Syria's special, distinctive character, as they imposed themselves upon it, fought one another within it, or pillaged their way through it. But this is not just a history of invasion and oppression. Syria had great rulers of its own, native-born Syrian luminaries, sometimes appearing as local champions who sought to liberate their lands from foreign despots, sometimes as cunning, self-seeking manipulators of squabbles between their overlords. They culminate with Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, whose life provides a fitting grand finale to the first three millennia of Syria's recorded history. The conclusion looks forward to the Muslim conquest in the 7th century AD: in many ways the opening chapter in the equally complex and often troubled history of modern Syria.
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
09 May 2019
The Tale to be ToldPart I: The Bronze Ages1: The First Kingdoms2: The International Intruders3: The Amorite Warrior-Chiefs4: The Empires Collide5: The End of an EraPart II: From the Iron Age to the Macedonian Conquest6: The Age of Iron7: The Wolf upon the Fold: The Neo-Assyrian Invasions8: From Nebuchadnezzar to AlexanderPart III: Syria under Seleucid Rule9: The Rise of the Seleucid Empire10: The Seleucid Empire in its Prime11: The Maccabean Rebellion12: The Decline and Fall of the SeleucidsPart IV: Syria under Roman Rule13: The Coming of the Romans14: Nabataean Excursus15: The Syrian Emperors16: The Crisis YearsPart V: The Rise and Fall of Palmyra17: From Desert Oasis to Royal Capital: The Story of Palmyra18: Syria's 'King of Kings': The Life and Death of Odenathus19: Zenobia, Queen of the EastThe Last FarewellAppendix I: ChronologyAppendix II: King-ListsAppendix III: Literary SourcesNotesBibliographyIndex
Trevor Bryce is an Honorary Research Consultant in the University of Queensland, and an Emeritus Professor of the University of New England, Australia, where he was Professor of Classics and Ancient History. He is also a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities and has been awarded an Australian Centenary medal for services to History. Although trained as a Classicist, primarily in Latin language and literature, most of his research has been conducted in the field of Near Eastern history and civilization, with some emphasis also on the links between the Classical and Near Eastern worlds. He is the author of numerous books and articles on Near Eastern history, including The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms (2012) and Babylonia: A Very Short Introduction (2016), also published by Oxford University Press.
Reviews for Ancient Syria: A Three Thousand Year History
The author is an engaging writer and one quickly gets the impression that he has enjoyed researching and writing this book ... Professor Trevor Bryce's publication provides a lucid account that assists our understanding of Syria's historical importance and continuing strategic location. * Andrew Jamieson, Ancient Near Eastern Studies * sketches the history of Syria in a lively and fluid style. * Bibliotheca Orientalis * Bryce has outdone himself; a marvellous achievement. Reads as smoothly as a novel, but packed as full of facts as an encyclopedia. Bryce weaves together the threads of disparate cultures and centuries of civilization, creating the very fabric of history itself... * Eric H. Cline, The George Washington University, and author of Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction * This book can be thoroughly recommended for anyone wishing to gain a broad overview of the history of ancient Syria. * Adam John Fraser, Palestine Exploration Quaterly *