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Hart Publishing
27 January 2022
Possession is a foundational concept in property law. Despite its undoubted importance, it is poorly understood and a perennial source of confusion. Indeed, there is a widely held view amongst lawyers that possession is an irredeemably ambiguous and amorphous concept. This book aims to challenge this conventional wisdom and to demonstrate that possession is in fact far simpler than generations of lawyers have been led to believe.

In viewing possession as a knotty problem for the philosopher or legal theoretician, scholars are apt to overlook the important truth that possession is a concept that laymen routinely and, for the most part, effortlessly apply as they navigate through the countless property interactions that shape everyday life. The key to understanding the nature and function of possession in the law is to appreciate that the possession 'rule' is, first and foremost, a spontaneously emergent phenomenon. Possession describes those acts that, as a matter of an extra-legal convention, constitute the accepted way in which members of a given population stake their claims to tangible things.

Fusing traditional legal analysis with insights from philosophy and economics, An Expressive Theory of Possession applies this central claim to both theoretical and doctrinal problems in property law and, in doing so, provides a coherent explanation of possession and its role in law and life.
Imprint:   Hart Publishing
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 234mm,  Width: 156mm, 
ISBN:   9781509944088
ISBN 10:   1509944087
Pages:   230
Publication Date:  
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Primary
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Introduction I. The Possession Puzzle II. Scope of the Book III. Methodological Divergence in Private Law Scholarship IV. Central Arguments V. Chapter Outlines VI. A Note on Nomenclature 1. 'Exclusion' and 'Possession': An Introduction to Property Rights I. Introduction II. What is a 'Thing' and How Do I Get One? III. The Content of a Property Right IV. The Exclusion Model of Property Rights V. The Exclusion Model and Tort VI. Property Limitation Rules VII. Uncoupling 'Property' and 'Possession' VIII. Conclusion 2. Facts, Rights and Other Things: Laying the Conceptual Foundations I. Introduction II. What is Possession? Some Views from the Academy III. Playing Word Games: The Language of Possession IV. Jural and Non-Jural Concepts V. Ownership and Relative Title VI. Conclusion 3. An Expressive Theory of Possession I. Introduction II. What Counts as 'Possession'? III. The Expressive Theory of Possession IV. Limiting the Vocabulary of Possession V. Do Courts Apply the Expressive Theory? VI. Conclusion 4. The Possession Convention I. Introduction II. Explanations of the Possession Rule III. David Hume's Theory of Property IV. Conventions V. The Role of Salience in Conventions VI. From Conventions to Norms VII. Conclusion 5. Possession and Fairness I. Introduction II. Hume's Guillotine and Locke's Proviso: Epstein's Partial Defence of the Possession Rule III. Is Possession Fair? IV. The Place of Conventions in the Law V. Conclusion 6. Losing, Finding and the Limits of Possession 2 I. Introduction II. The Rules in Outline III. Are these Rules Possessory? IV. Instrumental Justifications V. Are the Rules on Finding Desirable? VI. Navigating the Property Universe VII. Conclusion 7. Theft, Good Faith Purchase and the Limits of Conventions I. Introduction II. Possession and Theft III. Possession and Bona Fide Purchase IV. Conclusion Conclusion

Michael JR Crawford is Lecturer in Law at the University of New South Wales.

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