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African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out

Access, norms and power in Congo's gold sector

Sara Geenen (University of Antwerp, Belgium)



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21 March 2019
Anthropology; Armed conflict; Economics of industrial organisation; Mining industry
Artisanal mining is commonly associated with violent conflict, rampant corruption and desperate poverty. Yet millions of people across Sub Sahara Africa depend on it. Many of them are living in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), home to important mineral reserves, but also to a plethora of armed groups and massive human rights violations.

African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out provides a rich and in-depth analysis of the Congolese gold sector. Instead of portraying miners and traders as passive victims of economic forces, regional conflicts or disheartening national policies, it focuses on how they gain access to and benefit from gold. It shows a professional artisanal mining sector governed by a set of specific norms, offering ample opportunities for flexible employment and local livelihood support and being well-connected to the local economy and society. It argues for the viability of artisanal gold mining in the context of weak African states and in the transition towards a post-conflict and more industrialized economy.

This book will be of great interest to researchers and postgraduates studying natural resources and development as well as those in development studies, African studies, sociology, political economy, political ecology, legal pluralism, and history.
By:   Sara Geenen (University of Antwerp Belgium)
Imprint:   Routledge
Country of Publication:   United Kingdom
Dimensions:   Height: 234mm,  Width: 156mm, 
Weight:   363g
ISBN:   9780367271244
ISBN 10:   0367271249
Series:   Routledge Studies of the Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development
Pages:   240
Publication Date:   21 March 2019
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Further / Higher Education
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Part 1: Prospecting African Artisanal Minding 1. Researching and Rethinking African Artisanal Mining 2. Digging into Artisanal Mining's History Part 2: The Gold Mines from the Inside Out 3. Access In and Around the Mines 4. Miners and Traders 5. Access in the Gold Trade Part 3: Changes from the Outside 6. Changes in Access: Formalisation 7. Changes in Access: Industrialisation 7. African Artisanal Mining: Lessons from the DRC

Sara Geenen is working as post-doctoral research fellow with the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO). She is affiliated with the Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB) at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.

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