In this groundbreaking work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist addresses the consumption behavior of individuals and how it can be defined in a way that is supported by empirical evidence and useful for research and planning. Milton Friedman introduced a distinction between measured income, what an individual earns in a specific period, and permanent income, a view that takes into account a longer period in an active economic life. He was thus able to suggest that consumption tends to be, on average, the same fraction of permanent income regardless of the income's extent and that the magnitude of the fraction depends on many variables, including interest rates and family size. Dr. Friedman was among the most prominent American economists of the twentieth century, a powerful advocate of free market capitalism, and one of the founders of the well-known Chicago School of Economics. The concepts he introduced in this thought-provoking book achieved broad acceptance, stimulating further study and developing far-reaching effects on economic theory. AUTHOR: Milton Friedman (1912 2006) was one of the most prominent American economists of the 20th century, a powerful advocate of free market capitalism, and one of the founders of the well-known Chicago School of Economics. He received his PhD from Columbia University in 1946 and taught at the University of Chicago for 30 years. After retiring from Chicago he was a Senior Research Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. His other books include Capitalism and Freedom and A Monetary History of the United States, 1867 1960. In 1976, Friedman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for his achievements in the field of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilisation policy.