Architecture and its relationship to its users have a significant influence on life and activities within the built environment. This poses a particular challenge with regard to public buildings such as schools, which have to accommodate the needs of many different people in order to provide them with the best possible environment to support their performance. The give-and-take relationship between architecture and its users (students, teachers, parents, and the community at large) is emphasized from the point of view of architectural psychology and emerging considerations such as information technology.The 'schools for the future' vision is to create spaces that people are pleased to return to, time and again, and that allow options for future modification in line with changing user requirements. Criteria for the assessment of schools are derived from a dual approach. The first is the call for a common language to be used by designers and educators, exemplified by a number of patterns that have been found to be salient in school design. Their common underlying premise is that learning environments should be learner-centered, appropriate to age and developmental stage, safe, comfortable, accessible, flexible, and equitable, in addition to being cost effective.The second approach presents instruments for the systematic assessment of school buildings according to facet theory, a tool that helps to structure the large number of possible influences and subjective indicators such as learning performance, expressions of well-being, and social behavior. Based on descriptions of 23 innovative schools in eleven countries on five continents, a system is developed that enables judgment of school quality. It applies the criteria of functional, aesthetic, social-physical, ecological, organizational, and economical aspects to various parts of the overall school complex: Exterior, school building proper, entrance, classrooms, specialty rooms, interior and corridors, court-yards/open spaces and special areas. This book provides an essential resource for educators, architects, and policy makers involved in the planning and running of educational facilities.
Hogrefe & Huber
Country of Publication:
Professional and scholarly
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Foreword by Henry Sanoff; Table of Contents; Preface; 1 Introduction (Rotraut Walden); 2.1 History of the Schoolhouse in the USA (Jeffery A. Lackney); 2.2 Historical Background of the Japanese School (Kaname Yanagisawa); 2.3 The Historical Development of School Buildings in Germany (Simone Borrelbach); 3 The School of the Future: Conditions and Processes: Contributions from Architectural Psychology (Rotraut Walden); 4 Schools Designed with Community Participation (Henry Sanoff); 5 Trends in the Design and Planning of Schools from the Viewpoint of Information Technology and Communication (Kaname Yanagisawa); 6 A Design Language for Schools and Learning Communities (Jeffery A. Lackney); 7 Criteria for the Judgment of the Quality of School Buildings (Rotraut Walden); 8 Conclusion: What Makes a School a School of the Future ? (Rotraut Walden); Contributors; Acknowledgements; Index; Appendix; Descriptions and Photographs of 23 School Examples from 11 Countries on 5 Continents; Schools as Living, Empowering Places by Peter Hubner; From a Creative Knowledge to Creative Ignorance by Friedensreich Hundertwasser.
The book provides a brief overview of the historical development of school buildings in different countries (Germany, United States, Japan), serving as a preview for what we might see in schools of the futureA . Discussions take readers from the most extreme scenarios - schools as we know them virtually disappearing - to more likely possibilities - that virtual schools will expand and serve an entirely new population demographic. Trends in learning modalities have shifted exponentially and 21st century schools must be prepared to both study and embrace such trends. 23 descriptions of global innovative schools are included in the book's appendix, yet it is the numerous case studies and school design language interwoven into the chapters that enrich and color the pages of this manual of education design standards. Amongst these is the Davidson School in North Carolina, winner of a DesignShare Honor Award in 2000. Expect to see many of these up on DesignShare in coming months! Ms. Walden's architectural psychology perspective establishes an eloquent set of performance standards for future schools. She concludes this comprehensive resource tool with a wonderful quote: The 'third teacher' besides the educator and the follow student is the school building.A This book may just serve as a fourth teacher. Published online in Design Share, June 2009, www.designshare.com